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Sociology Post Test

Sociological Perspective A view that looks at behavior of groups, not individuals.
Theoretical Perspective Set of assumptions accepted as true
Symbolic Interaction Approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols.
Conflict Theory Emphasizes role of conflict, competition and constraint within a society.
Functionalism approach emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society
culture knowledge, values, custom and physical objects that are shared by members of a society.
Cultural Universal General cultural traits that exist in all cultures.
Subculture group that is part of the dominant culture but that differs from it in some important respects.
Reference group group used for self evaluation and the formation of attitudes, values, beliefs and norms.
Peers set of individuals of roughly the same age and interests.
Racism an extreme form of prejudice that assumes superiority of one group over others.
Religion Unified system of beliefs and practices concerned with sacred things
Taboo Rule of behavior, violation of which calls for strong punishment
Norm rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior
Sanction rewards and punishments used to encourage people to follow norms
Monogamy a marriage consisting of one man and one women at a time
Ageism set of belliefs, attitudes, norms and values used to justify age-based prejudice and discrimination
Discrimination treating people differently based on ethnicity, race, religion, or culture
family group of people related by marriage, blood or adoption
Mass Media means of communication desgined to reach the general population
values broad ideas about what is good or desirable shared by people in a society.
folkway norms that lack moral significance
law norm that is formally defined and enforced by officials
Formal Sanctions sanctions imposed by persons given special authority
informal sanctions rewards or punishments that can be applied by most members of a group
polygamy marriage of a male or female to more than one person at a time.
social stratification ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access to scarce resources.
Prejudice widely held negative attitudes toward a group (minority or majority) and its individual members
Recidivism repetition of or return to criminal behavior
Sexism set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify sexual inequality
Nature VS Nurture how much of personality is a result of heredity and how much is the product of the environment.
Heredity something that is handed down in your geneaology or from your ancestors, parents
Personality (total person) a person's own distincitive character
Drug a substance use in medicines
Social Self the way you show yourself the world.
Sexual harassment to trouble or continually annoy in a sexual manner
1st children born are usually: Achievement oriented,cooperative and cautious
Later born children are usually: Friendly, affectionate and creative
Name some warning signs of eating disorders. Obession with weightlifting, strange eating habits and hoarding food
Peer pressure is often considered what? The greatest pressure an adolescent faces.
About how many people each year attempt suicide? 1/2 million
What age group tends to attempt suicide? 15-24 years old
What is the age group that has the highest risk of STD's? 15-24 years old
What percentage of people are involved with some sort of a church? 75%
What do people use religion for? Emotional support they receive
What are some social factors that affect teenage suicides? Family relations, triggering events and age
What are some influences of early sexual activity? Family income level, parent's marital status, and grades in school
Babies born to teenage mothers are more likely to what in the first few years? Die
What legisation made abortion legal? Roe VS Wade in 1973
What percent of teen pregnancy ends in abortion? 35%
What does teen pregnancy also lead to mothers doing? Earning lower wages in job market
What is job satisfaction? Degree of enjoyment one receives from their occupation.
Courthship is only about finding a what? Spouse
Dating has what? Multiple purposes.
Substance abuse increases the possibility for what? Other problems
Intravenous drug use and multiple sex partners are factors of contracting what? AIDS and STD's
Created by: geristaley