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# BAS 00 Surg Terms

# BAS 00 Surgical Terms

Ablation Surgical removal of body part.
Acquired Disorder contracted after birth; not in inherited or innate.
Amputation Removal of a body part, limb, or organ.
anastomosis Surgical or pathological connection of two tubular structures.
Anomaly Congenital or developmental defect; deviation from normal.
Arthrocentesis Surgical puncture of the joint to remove fluid.
Arthrodesis To surgically immobilize a joint; fusion
Aspiration To draw in by inhaling or draw out by suction.
Biopsy Removal of live tissue for microscopic examination.
Cauterization Means of destroying tissue, treating infectious wounds, or stopping bleeding with use of chemicals (silver nitrate), heat, freezing, or electrical current.
Chemosurgery Use of chemicals to destroy tissue
Chemotherapy Use of chemicals to treat disease
Closed therapy Tab to treat a condition (such as a fracture) without surgically opening the location.
Closure To bring together the edges of a wound.
Congenital Condition present from birth; believed to be inherited
Curettage Scraping of a cavity to remove tissue, growth, or debris.
Debridement Excision of a dead or damaged tissue and foreign matter from the wound
Decompression Removal of pressure
Decortication Removal of external layer (beneath the capsule) from any organ or structure
Defect Imperfection, malformation, dysfunction, or absence.
Destructive Causing ruin; opposite of constructive.
Dialysis To separate from the blood harmful waste products normally secreted in the urine.
Dilation Enlargement of a hollow structure or opening.
Discission Incision or cutting into
Dissection Cutting of parts for the purpose of separation and study.
Drainage Continuous withdrawal of fluid from a wound, sore or cavity.
Endoscopy Visual examination of the interior of a canal or hollow internal organ by means of a special instrument.
Evacuation Removal of waste material
Excision The act of cutting out
Exploration An active examination, usually involving endoscopy or a surgical procedure, to aid in diagnosis
Fixation The act of holding or fastening immobilize; make rigid.
Foreign body Any substance or particle in the body that does not appear, form, or grow naturally
Fulguration Destruction by means of high-frequency electric sparks
Graft Any organ tissue, or object used or implanting or transplanting to encourage healing, improve function, safeguard against infection, improve appearance, or replace a diseased body organ.
Immunoassay Any of several methods used for measuring chemical substances such as hormones, drugs, and specific proteins.
Implant Tissue or substance inserted or grafted into the body.
Incisiion To cut into.
Indwelling Located or implanted inside the body; such as a catheter or tube for drainage or administration of drugs.
in situ Localized; in one specific location without disturbing or invading surrounding tissue.
Instrumentation Application or use of instruments or tools.
Internal within the body.
Insertion To place or implant; site of attachment
Introduction Device for controlling and directing to insert into the body via tube, needle, oral, or anal entrance.
Ligation The process of binding or tying a body structure.
Lysis Destruction, decomposition, breakdown, or separation.
manipulation Use of hands
marsupialization Surgical conversion of a closed cavity (abscess, cyst) into an open pouch to allow healing.
obstruction Blockage of any passage
Open Treatment Break and open the skin to treat internal parts.
Paring Surgical removal by cutting or scraping.
Percutaneous Through the skin.
Qualitative Word describing character of something. Moderate, slight, excessive
Radical Extreme, drastic Treatment, or surgery aimed at removing all affected tissue and any surrounding tissue.
Reconstitution Returning a substance that has been changed to its original state for preservation and storage.
Reconstruction Repair, mold, change, or alter to affect recovery.
Reduction To restore to a normal position
Repair To remedy, replace, or heal; restore to a healthy state.
Replantation Surgical replacement of a body part.
Revision To amend or alter to correct or improve.
Resection Partial excision of a body structure.
Shunt An artificial passage constructed to divert flow from one route to another.
Suture Material (wire, thread, or staples) used in closing or attaching body tissue; line of union (border of joint) such as between the skull bones.
Therapy Treatment of disease or pathologic condition.
Transection A cross section; division by cutting transversely
Transposition Displacement of an organ from one side of the body to the other; congenital anomaly in which a part of the body normally appearing on the right side is located on the left side of the body.
Traumatic Physical or psychological wound or injury.
Created by: rjmtoss