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Earth's Water 2/3 of the Earth's surface is covered in water
Earth's Aquatic Ecosystems Contain more biomass than it's terrestrial ecosystem.
Phytoplakton Are microscopic producers which are found in oceans.
Salt Water 97%
Fresh Water 3%
Ground Water 30.1%
Lakes 87%
Icecaps and Glaciers 68.7%
Surface Water .3%
Swamps 11%
Rivers 2%
Other Water .9%
Humans 66%
Potato 80%
Tomato 95%
Water Vapor Water in its gas state
Iceberg Large floating peices of ice. When it gets colder the water btween the iceberg freez and creates land bridges.
Aquifer Large underground resevoirs for freash water.
Precipitation Small water droplets in a cloud fform rain, snow, sleet and hail.
Percolation Occurs when water is being pulled downwards through the soil.
Run-Off Occurs when excess rain water of melt water can not be absorbed by the soil and overflows on the surface or drains into waterways.
Global Warming Increasing the rate of melting of the polar ice caps, and icebergs.
White Snow and Ice Reflects light
Dark Water Absorbs light
Deforestation In drier climates this can lead to desertification.
Climate Change Is changing global patterns of precipitation
Benthos Plants and animals that live in, on, or near the ocean bottom. Ex. kelp sponges, worms, claims, fungi, starfish, algae,snails,and sea urchins
Plankton Small and microscopic organisims that move with the currents. Ex. kelp, algae, protozoa, jellyfish, some mollusks.
Nekton Swimming animals that can move independently of the current. Ex. fish, whales, seals, some sea birds, snakes, eels, shrimp, octupus, squid, sharks
Intertidal Zone The shoreline area that falls between the high tidemark and the low tide mark.
Neritic Zone The ocean area that slopes down from the edge the shoreline toward the ocean floor.
Oceanic Zone Made up of the open waters of the ocean.
Coral Reef A limestone deposit formed drom coral shells.
Upwelling The movement of nutrient-rich waters from the deep ocean into shallow areas.
Hydrothermal Vents Cracks in the ocean crust that release mineral-rich water that has been heated by the Earth's surface.
Estuaries Form where salty ocean water mixes with fresh water from rivers.
Photosynthesis A food making process in which organisms use the energy in sunlight to make food.
Producer An organism that makes its own foood.
Consumer An organism that obtains its food by eating other oganisms.
Decomposer An organism that meets it food and energy needed by breaking down the remains of dead orgamisms
Trophic Level Each feeding level in an ecosystem.
Food Chain Is used to show the interconnected network of food chains within an ecosystem
Energy Pyramid The representation of the flow of energy.
pH Measures how acidic or basic water is.
Indicators of Water System Health Temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, turbidity, bio-indicators, and the presence of nitates
Turbidity Measure of how clear water is.
Bio-Indicators Are organisms or parts of organisims that are used to assess ecosystem health.
Nitrates Are nitrogen compounds used for growth by plants and algae.
Pollutant Any substance or form of energy that can cause harm to the enviroment and make it unifit for use by organsims.
Point-Source Pollution Pollution that comes from a single identifiable site.
Non-Point-Source Polltion Pollution that comes from many place or a source that is not easily identified.
Wastewater Water that runs into drains.
Wastewater Treatment Plant A facility that processes water to remove wast and then releases the clean water into a lake or stream
Septic System A wastewater treatment system for an individual home or farm.
Drain Field A series of pipes that are buired under gravel or crushed rock.
Created by: kelseylyall