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Nail Structure


bed epithelium thin layer of tissue between the nail plate and the nail bed
eponychium Living skin at the base of the nail plate covering the matrix area.
free edge part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe
hyponychium the slightly thickened layer of skin that lies beneath the free edge of the nail plate
ligament a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs
lunula The visible part of the matrix that extends from underneath the living skin is the
matrix area where the natural nail is formed; this area is composed of matrix cells that make up the nail plate.
nail bed portion of the skin that the nail plate sits on
nail cuticle dead, colorless tissue attached to the natural nail plate.
nail folds folds of normal skin that surround the nail plate
nail grooves slits or furrows on the sides of the sidewall.
nail plate Hardened keratin plate covering the nail bed.
natural nail the hard protective plate of the nail, composed mainly of keratin
natural nail unit Composed of several major parts of the fingernail including the nail plate, nail bed, matrix, cuticle, eponychium, hyponychium, hyponychium, specialized ligaments, and nail fold. Together, all of these parts form the nail unit.
sidewall the fold of skin overlapping the side of the nail
Created by: samkohlenberg