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Genetics & Heredity

genes factors that control traits
genetics the study of heredity
heredity passing of traits from parents to offspring
Punnett Squares a chart that shows all possible allele combinations for a genetic cross
heterozygous an organism that has two different alleles for a trait
homozygous an organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Pedigree a chart that traces the inheritance of a trait/disease through a family
Mutations causes a cell to produce an incorrect protein during protein synthesis
RNA molecule that copies the message from DNA and translates it during protein synthesis; has one strand
DNA molecule that is made up of 4 nitrogen bases and has the blueprint that controls our traits; has two strands
gamete egg and sperm cell
meiosis cell division that produces sex cells (sexual reproduction)
mitosis cell division that produces identical daughter cells (asexual reproduction)
phenotype physical expression of a trait in an organism
genotype an organism's allele combination or genetic makeup
chromosome condensed DNA
Created by: MsLHill