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Basic Tissues

epithelium, connective, muscle, and nervous tissue

QuestionAnswer
Protects, absorbs, filters, secretes epithelial tissue
cells fit closely together to form membranes epithelial tissue
membranes always have one free surface/edge epithelial tissue
epithelial cells are attached to..... a basement membrane
Have no blood supply of their own epithelial tissue
type of epithelium: forms where exchanges occur (air sacs of lungs) simple squamous
type of epithelial: forms serous membranes and forms walls of capillaries between tissue/blood simple squamous
membranes that line the ventral body cavity and its organs serous membranes
type of epithelial: found in glands and ducts simple cuboidal
type of epithelial: found in salivary glands and pancreas simple cuboidal
type of epithelial: forms walls of kidney tubules simple cuboidal
covers surface of ovaries simple cuboidal
type of cells which produce a lubricating mucus, found in simple columnar epithelium goblet cells
type of epithethial: lines digestive tract simple columnar
epithelial membranes the line body cavities open to body exterior mucous membranes
type of epithelial: found in sites that receive a good deal of abuse/friction stratified squamous
type of epithelial: found in esophagus stratified squamous
type of epithelial: found in mouth stratified squamous
type of epithelial:found in outer portion of skin stratified squamous
type of epithelial: forms lining of only a few organs transitional epithelium
type of epithelial: found in bladder, ureters, part of urethra transitional epithelium
cells of the base layer of transitional epithelium are usually.... cuboidal or columnar
type of epithelial: forms glands specialized to remove materials from the blood and make new materials, which they secrete glandular epithelium
usually called ductless glands, no connection to surface endocrine glands
examples are thyroid, adrenals, pituitary endocrine glands
include sweat/oil glands, liver, pancreas exocrine glands
most abundant and widely distributed of tissue types connective tissue
most of these tissues are well vascularized connective tissue
examples of connective tissue with poor blood supply tendons, ligaments (and cartilages are avascular)
white fibers of matrix collagen
yellow fibers of matrix elastic
fine collagen fibers of matrix reticular
main functions are to support, protect, and bind together tissues of the body connective tissue
osseous tissue bone
contains calcium salts, protect and support other body organs bone
rubbery and smooth with a somewhat hard matrix hyaline cartilage
type of connective tissue: found in larynx/voicebox hyaline cartilage
type of connective tissue: attaches ribs to breastbone and covers ends of bones where they form joints hyaline cartilage
type of connective tissue: the skeleton of the fetus is made of.... hyaline cartilage
other types of cartilage found in the body are.... elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage (forms disks between vertebrae of spinal column)
type of connective tissue: forms strong ropelike structures (tendons, ligaments) dense fibrous tissue
attach skeletal muscles to bone tendons
connect bones to bones at joints ligaments
type of connective tissue: makes up lower layer of the skin dense fibrous tissue
most widely distributed connective tissue areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: helps to hold internal organs together and in proper positions areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: has a semifluid matrix and contains all types of fibers, forming a loose network areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: most of this matrix appears to be empty space areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: insulates body, stores energy adipose tissue
type of connective tissue: cells contain droplet of stored oil which takes up most volume adipose tissue
type of connective tissue: form ring with nuclei pushed to one side adipose tissue
type of connective tissue: forms blood, found in bone cavities hemopoietic tissue
type of muscle tissue: attached to skeleton skeletal muscle
type of muscle tissue: controlled voluntarily skeletal muscle
type of muscle tissue: long, cylindrical, multinucleate, obvious striations skeletal muscle
type of muscle tissue: has striations and branching cells that fit tightly together cardiac muscle
junctions where cardiac muscle fits together intercalated disks
type of muscle tissue: controlled involuntarily cardiac, smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: found in the walls of hollow organs smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: stomach, bladder, uterus, blood vessels smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: no striations visible smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: only one nucleus and spindle shaped smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: contracts the slowest of the muscle types smooth muscle
a wavelike motion that keeps food moving through intestine peristalsis
in nervous tissue the ________ is drawn out into long extensions cytoplasm
two major functional characteristics are irritablilty and conductivity nervous tissue
Created by: TaterTot on 2008-02-25



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