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backbrushing also known as ruffing; technique used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patterns together for a uniform and smooth comb out
backcombing Also known as teasing,ratting, matting and French lacing; combing small sections of hair from the ends towards the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp and form a cushion or base
barrel curls pin curls with large center openings, fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base
base stationary foundation of a pin curl; the panel of hair on which a roller is placed
blowdry styling technique of drying and styling damp hair in a single operation
carved curls pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head
cascade curls also known as stand up curls; pin curls fastened to the head in a standing position to allow the hair to flow upward and then downward
circle the part of the pin curl that forms a complete circle; also, the hair that is wrapped around the roller
closed center curls pin curls that produce waves that get smaller toward the end
concentrator nozzle attachment of a blow dryer; directs the air stream to any section of the hair more intensely
Curl the hair that is wrapped around the roller
diffuser blow dryer attachment that causes the hair to flow more softly and helps to accentuate or keep texural definition
double press technique of passing a hot curling iron through the hair before performing a hard press
end curls used to give a finished appearance to hair ends either turned under or over
finger waving process of shaping and directing the hair into a pattern of "s" shaped waves through the use of the fingers, combs, and waving lotions
foam Also known as mousse; a light, airy, whipped styling product that resembles shaving foam and builds moderate body and volume into the hair.
full-base curls thermal curls that sit in the center of their base; strong curls with full volume
full-stem curl curl placed completely off the base; allows for the greatest mobility
gel thickened styling preperation that comes in a tube or bottle and has strong hold
hair pressing method of teporarily straightening extremely curly or unruly hair by means of a heated iron or comb
hair spray a styling product applied in the form of a mist to hold a style in position; available in a variety of holding strengths
hair wrapping a technique used to keep curly hair smooth and straight
half base position of a curl or a roller one half off its base, giving medium volume and movement
half-base curls thermal curls placed half off their base; strong curls with moderate lift or volume
half-stem curl curl placed half off the base; permits medium movement and gives good control to the hair
hard press technique that removes 100 percent of the curl by applying the pressing comb twice on each side of the hair
indentation the point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area
knot also known as chignon; a technique used for formal hairstyling that creates the look of a knot or bun
liquid gels styling products that are lighter and more viscous or sticky than firm-hold gels, used for easy styling, defining and molding
medium press technique removing 60 to 75 percent of the curl by applying a thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair using slightly more pressure than in the soft press
no-stem curl curl placed directly on its base; produces a tight, firm, long lasting curl and allows minimum mobility
off base the position of a curl or a roller completely off its base for maximum mobility and minimum volume
off-base curls thermal curls placed completely off their base; have only slight lift or volume
on base position of a curl or roller directly on its base for maximum volume; also called full base
open-center curls pin curls that produce even, smooth waves and uniform curls
pleat Also known as classic French Twist; a technique used for formal hairstyling that creates a look of folded hair
pomade also known as wax; styling products that add considerable weight to the hair by causing strands to join together, showing seperation in the hair
ribboning technique of forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension
ridge curls pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a wave
rod round, solid prong of a thermal iron
shaping Section of hair that is molded in a circular movement in preparation for the formation of curls.
shell the clamp that presses the hair against the barrel or rod of a thermal iron
skip waves two rows of ridge curls, usually on the side of the head
soft press technique of pressing the hair to remove 50 to 60 percent of the curl by applying the thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair
spiral curl method of curling the hair by winding a strand around the rod
stem section of the pin curl between the base and first arc of the circle that gives the circle its direction and movement; the hair between the scalp and the first turn of the roller
straightening gel styling product applied to damp hair that is wavy, curly, or extremely curly, and then blown dry; relaxes the hair for a smooth, straight look
temper A process used to condition a new brass pressing comb so that it heats evenly.
thermal irons an implement comprised of a rod handle, barrel or rod, and shell that is made of quality steel used to dry hair using heat
thermal waving and curling methods of waving and curling straight or pressed hair using thermal irons and special manipulative curling techniques on dry hair
twist a technique used for formal hairstyling that creates a look of conical shape
updo A hairstyle with the hair arranged up and off the shoulders, and secured with implements such as hairpins, bobby pins and elastics
volume-base curls thermal curls placed very high on their base; provide maximum lift or volume
volumizers Styling products that add volume, especially at the base, when wet hair is blown dry.
waving lotion type of hair gel that makes the hair pliable enough to keep it in place during the finger waving procedure
Created by: samkohlenberg