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Ch. 14 questions


What is transcription? the process by which RNA polymerase uses a DNA template to produce mRNA
What is an operon? 2 or more genes in bacterial chromosome--transcribed into one mRNA molecule--eukaryotic cells do not have operons
What is translation? process of rRNAs translating the mRNA codons into proteins by polymerizing correct amino acids in the correct order
RNA polymerase used to produce the RNA copy of each gene
mRNA a template for the coded genetic information in DNA to be translated into protein
Ribosomes enzymes that carry out the process of translation
Codon nucleotide triplet that codes for a specific amino acid
What is coupled transcription and translation? the simultaneous synthesis of RNA and protein that occurs in the cytoplasm of prokaryotes
What does a triplet of bases encode? each triplet codon in mRNA codes for one amino acid
Created by: heatherlvn