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science test brewer

mutation a change in a gene or chromosome
genetic engineering the transfer of a gene from the DNA of one organism into another
clone an organisn that is genetically indentical to the organism when it was produced
carrier a person who has on recessive alle for a trait, but does not have a trait
selective breeding the process of selecting a FEW organisms with desired traits to serve parents of the next generation
chromosome a doubled rod of condensed chromatin
inbreeding a selective breeding method in which TWO individuals with indentical or similar sets of alles are crossed
pedigree a chert or family tree that tracks which members of a family having a particular trait
punnet square a chart that shows alll the possible combinations of alles that can result from a genetic cross
cytosine always pairs with guanine
adenine always pairs with thymine
thymine paired up with adenine in DNA sequences
stem cells one of the human bodys master cells with the ability to grow into any one of the bodys cell type
deoxyribonucleic acid the genetic material that carries information about an organism and its passing from parents to offspring
guanine pairs up with cytosine
meiosis the process that occurs in the formation of sex cells