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Endocrine Vocab

The Endocrine System Vocab

TermDefinition or Function
Endocrine Glands produce and release chemicals directly into the bloodstream
Hormones chemical product of endocrine glands; turn on/off, speed up/slow down activities of organs and tissues
Target Cells cells that recognize a specific hormone's chemical structure
Hypothalamus small part of brain that is a link between the nervous system and the endocrine system
Pituitary Gland small endocrine gland just below the hypothalumus that communicates with the hypothalamus to control many body activities
Negative Feedback important way that body maintains homeostasis: when amount of a certain hormone in the blood reaches a certain level, endocrine system sends signals to stop releasing that hormone
Thyroid Gland controls rate at which body produces energy from nutrients
Parathyroid Gland controls level of calcium in blood
Adrenal Glands secrete hormones directly into bloodstream
Thymus part of immune system in the upper part of chest
Pancreas near the stomach; breaks down fats, proteins, and carbs
Ovaries glands to either side of uterus; produce eggs (ova) and estrogen
Testes two testicles; produce sperm
Created by: LGD