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Nervous System

astr- starlike
ax- axle
cephal- head
chiasm- cross
dendr- tree
ependym- tunic
flacc- flabby
funi- small cord or fiber
gangli- a swelling
-lemm rind or peel
mening- membrane
moto- moving
multi- many
oligo- few
peri- all around
plex- interweaving
saltador- a dancer
sens- feeling
syn- together
uni- one
ventr- belly or stomach
analgesia loss or reduction in the ability to sense pain, but without loss of consciousness
analgesic pain-relieving drug
anesthesia loss of feeling
aphasia disturbance or loss of the ability to use words or to understand them, usually due to damage to cerebral association areas
apraxia impairment in the ability to use objects
ataxia partial or complete inability to coordinate voluntary movements
cerebral palsy partial paralysis and lack of muscular coordination caused by damage to the cerebrum
coma unconscious condition in which a person does not respond to stimulation
cordotomy surgical procedure that serves a nerve tract within the spinal cord to relieve intractable pain
craniotomy surgical procedure that opens part of the skull
electroencephalogram recording of the brain's electrical activity
encephalitis inflammation of the brain and meninges, producing drowsiness and apathy
epilepsy disorder of the central nervous system that temporarily disturbs brain impulses, producing convulsive seizures and loss of consciousness
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body and the limbs on that side
huntington disease inherited disorder of the brain causing involuntary dancelike movements and personality changes.
laminectomy surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebrae, usually to relieve of the symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disc pressing on a spinal nerve
monoplegia paralysis of a single limb
multiple sclerosis loss of myelin and the appearance of scar-like patches throughout the brain and spinal cord or both.
neuralgia sharp, recurring pain associated with a nerve; usually caused by inflammation or injury
neuritis inflammation of a nerve
paraplegia paralysis of both lower limbs
quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs
vagotomy surgical severing of a vagus nerve
Created by: hannahpiper