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Ch 7

acetabul- depression of the coxa that articulates with the head of the femur.
ax- axis
-blast budding
canal- channel
carp- wrist
-clast break
clav- bar
condyl- knob
corac- a crow's break
cribr- sieve
crist- crest
fov- pit
glen- joint socket
inter- between
intra- inside
lamell- thin plate
meat- passage
odont- tooth
poie- make, produce
Achondrolasia inherited condition that retards formation of cartilaginous bone. The result is a type of dwarfism.
Acromegaly abnormal enlargement of facial features, hands, and feet in adults as a result of overproduction of growth hormone.
Ankylosis a stiffness of a joint due to abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of the joint, which may be the result of injury or disease.
Arthralgia joint pain
Arthrocentesis joint aspiration; the clinical procedure of using a syringe to collect synovial fluid from a joint capsule.
Arthrodesis known as artificial ankylosis or syndesis, is the artificial induction of joint ossification between two bones via surgery.
Arthroplasty surgical repair of joint; an operative procedure of orthopedic surgery performed, in which the arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with something better or by remodeling or realigning the joint by osteotomy or some other procedure.
Colles fracture Fracture at the distal end of the radius that displaces the smaller fragment posteriorly.
Epiphysiolysis Separation of loosening the epiphysis from the diaphysis of a bone.
Hemarthrosis bleeding into joint spaces
laminectomy Surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra, usually to relieve symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disc.
lumbago dull ache in the lumbar region of the back
Orthopedics Medical specialty that prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases and abnormalities of the skeletal and muscular systems.
Ostealgia pain in a bone
Ostectomy Surgical removal os a bone
Osteitis Inflammation of bone tissue
Osteochondritis inflammation of bone and cartilage tissues
Osteogenesis bone development
Osteogenesis imperfect inherited condition of deformed and abnormally brittle bones
Osteoma tumor composed of bone tissue
Osteomalacia softening of adult bone due to a disorder in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, usually caused by vitamin D deficiency.
Osteomyelitis bone inflammation caused by the body's reaction to bacterial or fungal infection
Osteonecrosis death of bone tissue. This condition most commonly occurs in the femur head in elderly persons and may be due to obstructed arteries supplying the bone.
Osteopathology study of bone diseases.
Osteopenia decrease in bone mass due to reduction in rate of bone tissue formation.
Osteoporosis decreased bone mineral content
Osteotomy cutting a bone
Synovectomy surgical removal of a part of the synovial membrane of a synovial joint.
Created by: hannahpiper