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Page 121

Inventions and technology in the "machine age"

Flying shuttle Sped up the weaving process
Spinning Jenny Enabled spinners to spin cotton into thread very quickly
Water frame Used water to power machines
Steam engine Replaced waterpower with steam power, allowing factories to be built any where
Power loom Wove thread into cloth as fast as the new spinning machines produced it
Cotton gin Cleaned cotton 50 times faster than a person could
Puddling Process used coke (derived from coal) to burn away impurities in iron ore
Patent The exclusive ownership of an invention
Open-hearth process A method that used a special furnace to make many kinds of steel
Steam engine
Mass production The manufacture of huge quantities of goods at cheap prices
Interchangeable parts The use of machine-made parts that are exactly alike
Assembly line Products are assembled in a moving line
Division of labor Assigning workers to specialized tasks an a product moves across the conveyer belt from worker to worker
Created by: Smithstephend