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NWHSU Mash GA2Q2 Dig

NWHSU Mash GA 2 Quiz 2 Digestive System

QuestionAnswer
Give the data asked for with the following: d) salpingopharyngeus (insertion) palatopharyngeus m.
Give the data asked for with the following: e) palatopharyngeus (innervation) pharyngeal plexus
Give the data asked for with the following: f) palatoglossus (innervation) pharyngeal plexus
Give the data asked for with the following: b) retracts and elevates the tongue (muscle) styloglossus
What is/are the action(s) of the: a) longitudinal mm. of the pharynx elevated pharynx and larynx during swallowing
Give the data asked for with the following muscles: a)styloglossus (action)b)inferior constrictor (origin) c)salpingopharyngeus (origin) a) elevates and retracts tongue b) laryngeal cartilage c) auditory tube
Describe the difference between an anatomical and physiological sphincter. an anatomical sphincter has a thicker circular layer of muscle
What is/are the action(s) of the: b) circular mm. of the pharynx constrict pharynx
Define the following terms: b) coronary ligament surrounds bare area of liver or peritoneum from surface of liver to diaphragm
Give the upper and lower boundries of the laryngopharynx C3 to C6
Give the data asked for with the following muscles: d) palatopharyngeus (innervation) e) stylopharyngeus (innervation) f) palatoglossus(innervation) d.pharyngeal plexus (CN XI via X) e.glossopharyngeal n. f. pharyngeal plexus
Define the following terms: a) retroperitoneal Organs that lie deep to parietal peritoneum
Define the following: Be SPECIFIC and COMPLETE! c) mesentery double layer of serous membranes
How does one anatomically separate the pylorus from the body of stomach? Draw a vertical line through the angular notch of the stomach
Draw a X-SECTION at the level of the epiploic foramen and label all associated ligaments. Draw Diagram with splenorenal, gastrosplenic, hepatogastric, hepatoduodenal
name given to fetal shunt (by-pass) through the liver (give fetal name, not adult) Ductus venosus
The median sulcus of the tongue ends just anterior to the root of the tongue in a small depression termed the _________ Foramen cecum
Define the following: Be SPECIFIC and COMPLETE! a) omental bursa greater peritoneal sac diverticulum located behind the stomach containing both a superior and inferior recess
IMMEDIATE structure formed by union of the common bile and main pancreatic ducts Hepatopancreatic ampulla
Concerning the 3rd part of the duodenum, give the boundaries and any associated structures as mentioned in lecture. Inferior duodenal flexure >ascending portion (left edge of aorta) , Superior mesenteric a. and v. pass anterior
Vertical fold of mucosa in median plane of mouth extending between lips and gums Labial frenulum
Vasa recta of the jejunum when compared with the ileum are (circle one) a) shorter or longer and b) less numerous or more numerous? Larger, Longer & Less numerous
Describe medial and lateral boundaries of the quadrate lobe of the liver Lat = gallbladder, Med = fissure for ligamentum teres hepatis
List two areas where the esophagus (NOT the gastroesophageal junction) is constricted Left primary bronchi, aortic arch, cricoid cartilage
structure which helps hold duodenojejunal flexure in place. Ligament of Treitz
Vertical fold of mucosa in median plane of mouth; extends between the inferior surface of the tongue and the floor of the mouth Lingual frenulum
Structure that covers most of surface of root of tongue Lingual tonsils
Give the data asked for with the following: c) origin is horns of hyoid, insertion is posterior median raphe (muscle) middle constrictor
Muscle that forms the arch posterior to palatine tonsil. Palatopharyngeus
The _______ opens into the mouth via a small papilla near the upper 2nd molar. Partotid duct
Define the limits of the clinical anal canal. Pectinate line -> anus
during degulutition, area through which food is diverted by the epiglottis (BE SPECIFIC). Piriform recess
Define the following terms: c) peritoneal cavity potential space between parietal and visceral peritoneum
What SPECIFICALLY differentiates a portal from a normal system? Do NOT just list sequence. presence of second capillary bed
part of pylorus next to body of stomach. Pyloric Antrum
Besides impressions for the stomach and gallbladder, the liver has impressions for (give 4) the following: NO FISSURES! Right colic flexure, right kidney, right suprarenal gland, IVC
Besides those of the lesser omentum, name 4 differently named peritoneal ligaments and give their ATTACHMENTS. Both name and attachment must be correct to receive any credit. Splenorenal – spleen and just anterior to kidney, Gastrosplenic – stomach to spleen, Falciform lig. – liver to anterior abdominal wall, Coronary ligs. (ant./post.) – bare area of liver to diaphragm
ligament into which the tail of the pancreas extends Splenorenal ligament
name given to the horizontal fold of mucosa under tongue; it also has numerous small ducts opening along its surface. Sublingual fold
Define the specific boundaries of the 2nd part of the duodenum. also name any structures specifically associated with these part as mentioned in class. Superior and inferior flexure, major and minor duodenal papillae
Give the data asked for with the following: a) genioglossus (origin) – Superior Mental Spines
Name given to the prolongation of the left and caudal border of the head of the pancreas uncinate process
Give the specific upper and lower boundaries of the sigmoid colon. Do NOT five certain viscera as your answer Upper pelvic brim -> Anus S3
located in rectum and made of mucosa, submucosa, and muscularis externa. Valves of Houston (transverse rectal folds)
Define the following: Be SPECIFIC and COMPLETE! b) triangular ligaments where the ant. and post. coronary ligs. of liver meet at the lateral edges of the bare area of liver
Besides the ileum being longer, having Peyer’s patches, and narrower lumen, compare the jejunum with the ileum. Give 4 STRUCTURAL differences mentioned in lecture. wider lumen, thicker walls, larger villi, more vascularity, more absorption
Define the following. Be specific and complete. a)epiploic foramen opening into omental bursa
Define the following. Be specific and complete. b)omentum (do not just name) a mesentery or two layered fold of peritoneum, that passes from stomach to another organ
Give the data asked for with the following. a) salpingophargeous (insertion) b) chondroglossus (origin) palatopharyngeus, hyoid and triticae cartilage
Created by: AnatomyMash on 2013-02-09



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