Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


Ch 1-3

1 Ethics (prescriptive rules for action)
1 Metaethics (study of the nature and concepts of ethics)
1 Red Herring irrelevant point that serves as a distraction
1 Ad Hominem attacking the person/source of the argument
1 Straw man Fallacy attacking a misrepresented/distorted version of an (opposing view (contrast to Principle of Charity)
1 Principle of Charity be generous in interpreting the views (i.e., make them as strong as possible) of others
1 Consistency are ethical beliefs consistent with other ethical and non-ethical views?
1 studying metaethics vs. moral self-help is more learning about natural ethics while moral self help is like teaching you how to improve your ethics.
1 Natural Morality Ethical truths and principles that are part of nature, conditional rules with exceptions. coming from a natural process.
1 Trancendent Morality ethical truths/ Principles are outside of natural world, unconditional rules without exceptions Ex... the 10 Comandments
1 Theological Voluntarism/ Divine Command Theory Whatever God commands and only what God commands is right and or good. (this a popular version of transcendent morality)
1 Theological Voluntarism Cons.. -in principle, any action even unprovoked murder could be right if god deems it so. -Leaves little room for critecal reflection reguarding metaethics -fear of punishment not sufficient motive for truly ethical action.
2 Psychological Egoism it is a fact of human psychology that we always act in a self-interested manner, even when the action is apparently other-directed (e.g., giving to charity)
2 Ethical Egoism Although we may act unselfishly, we ought to always act in a self-interested manner
2 Psychological Egoism Pros... 1. accords with the observed prevelance of selfish behavior
2 Psychological Egoism Cons... 1. Non-falsifiable 2. Stretches the meaning of "selfishness" beyond common usage
2 Individual Ethical Egoism Everyone ought to act exclusively for my benefit and my benefit alone
2 Universal Ethical Egoism Everyone ought to act exclusively for thier own benefit.
2 Individual Egoism Pros... 1. internally consistent position
2 Individual Egoism Cons... 1. undesirable social consequences ex social ostracism 2.characteristic of psycopathology
2 Universal Egoism Pros... 1. Social Darwinism (survival of the fitest) 2. Supposed benefits of laissez-faire (unregulated) capitalism
2 Universal Egoism Cons... 1. Distorts Darwinian Evolution 2. Lack of empirical support for supposed benefits of unregulated capitalism
2 Social Relativism Empirical, scientific claim that the moral claim that moral codes vary from culture to culture
2 Cultural Relativism Normative ethical position stipulating that there is no objective moral truth or standard of justificatin ; rather, moral rightness or wrongness is determined by local culture.
2 Cultural Relativism Pros... 1. Promotes multicultural tolerance and sensitivity and prevents imperialism 2. Explains rampant ethical disagreement
2 Cultural Relativism Cons... 1. Underestimates fluidity of cultural identities 2. eliminates any justification for ethical reform 3. trivializes ethical concerns
3 Sentimentalism the view that emotions/feelings play a vital and necessary role in human morality
3 Kant (“cold” duty)
3 Hume (“hot” sympathies)
3 non-instrumental vs. instrumental reasoning vs. instrumental reasoning (Hume: “Reason is and ought only to be the slave of the passions)
Created by: Luxislis