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Chapter 11 Endo

Endocrine system

Compare and contrast nervous and endocrine systems Nervous system controls body activities through the release of neurotransmitters at synapses and the endocrine system releases hormones through through interstitial fluid then into blood stream
How target cells and receptor sites allow hormones to function Hormones influence target cells by binding to receptors
3 things that control hormone secretions Signals from the nervous system Chemical changes in blood Other hormones
Relationship between hypothalamus and pituitary glands The hypothalamus gland is the master of the pituitary gland
hGh iGf how they promote tissue growth and healing Cells in liver, skeletal muscle, cartilage, bone, and other tissue secrete igf in blood stream or act locally
Ths and thr's impact on thyroid functions Is simulated the synthesis of secretion in the thyroid gland
FHS and LH's impact ovulation in females Development of ovarian follicles an starts ovulation
FHS and LH'S impact on male reproductive system FSH stimulates sperm production in testes LH stimulates testes to secrete testosterone
Oxytocins help in delivering babies Targets uterus and breasts enhances contractions
Presence an absence of adh effect urine Causes kidney to retain water decreasing urine volume
Prolactin, PRH, oxytocin make breast feeding possible Prolactin initiates and maintained milk production PRH releases prolactin Oxytocin stimulates milk ejection
Thyroid gland location Just below the larynx
Thyroid hormones impact body's metabolism Increase basal metabolic rate and exert effects throughout the body
Calcitonin impacts bones remodeling process Can decrease calcium and inhibiting the action of osteoclasts
Glucagon and insulin manipulate blood sugar levels Glucagon increase blood glucose level and insulin pushes glucose into cells
5 functions of cortisol •protein breakdown •glucose formation •breakdown of triglycerides •anti-inflammatory effects •depression of immune responses
Epinephrine and norepinephrine keep body safe from harm Adrenaline and noradrenalin fight or flight instincts
4 functions of estrogen and progesterone Regulate minstrel cycle, maintain pregnancy prepare mammary glands an produce sex hormones
Created by: 1069876831