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Ethics Online Class

Ethics Terms and Meanings

Ethical TermMeaning
Kant duty
Cultural norms rules of behavior
Anthropocentric humans rule
Morals right and wrong
Code of ethics professions have these
Teleology ends
Means ends justify
Categorical imperative
Ends means justify
Fletcher situation
Rational thought based
Character patterns of moral behavior
Personalism people first not laws
Community or individual
Monotheism one god
Law primary or secondary or positive or natural
Religion a set of beliefs based on teachings
Happiness factor greatest good for greatest #
Social contract protects lives and property
Correct factually true
Biosphere all of Earth & its occupants
Positivism act in love rather than reason
Machiavelli The Prince
Voice public expression
Excesses positive extremes
Polytheistic many gods
Good common
Right morally true
Pragmatism what is practical
Divine supernatural being
Deficiencies negative extremes
Worldview beliefs about how the world works
Temperant life of habits
Proactive forethought driven decisions
Dilemma right vs. right
Weakness of will out of control
Relative it depends
Ethical spheres you or group or society or world
Animal welfare or rights
Mercy or justice
Human nature traits shared by all humans
Benedict cultural relativism
Theological volunteerism divine command theory
Duty perfect or imperfect
Ontological nature of being
Holistic all of something
Long term or short term
Bentham utilitarianism
Personality traits of mind & behavior
Aquinas natural
Values things that have personal worth
Loyalty or truth
Calculus Felicific
Egoistic self centered
Legalism by the book
Reactive circumstance driven decisions
Pleasure absence of pain
Absolute universal
Ayn Rand objectivism
Continent unruly but controlled
Ethics the study of morals
Self evident you know it when you see it
Vision beyond service
Principles i.e. integrity or honesty or fairness
Maxim proposed rule of action
Deontology means
Goodwill right thing for the right reason
Antinomianism total freedom
Lack of foresight most severe ethical failure for leader
Aristotle virtue
Virtue opposite of vice
Freewill ability to choose
Altruistic other centered
Speciesism different rights based on one’s species
Created by: clrude

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