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HA&P final Review

thin membrane that lines medullary cavity endosteum
example of a flat bone scapulae
shaft of the long bone diaphysis
example of a long bone femur
thin layre that cushions jolts and blows articular cartilage
example of a sesamoid bone patella
attachment for muscle fibers periosteum
example of a short bone carpal
end of a long bone epiphysis
example of an irregular bone vertebra
bone matrix consists of inorganic salts, organic matrix, & collangeous fibers
small spaces in bone cells lacunae[little lakes]
basic structural unit of compact bone osteon
cells that produce the organic matrix in bone are osteoblasts
red marrow in a bone doesn't include (RPF) tarsals
low blood calcium evokes in response from parathyroid hormone
________ marrow is found in almost all of the nones in an infants body red
primary ossification center is located at the daphysis
primary purpose of the epiphyseal plate lengthening long bones
epiphyseal plate is composed mostly of chondrocytes
bone loss begins to exceed bone gain between 35-40
first ste to healing a bone fracture is fractura hematoma formation
most common type of skeletal tissue tumor osteochondroma
most common primary malignant tumor of skeletal tissue osteosarcoma
most common bone disease. Menopause. Porous, brittle & fragile bones osteoporosis
pagets disease aka osteitis deformans
bacterial infection of the bone and marrow tissue osteomyelitis
____ Types of bones. 4
hollow area inside the diaphysis meduallary cavity
blood formation endosteum
four shapes are long short flat irregular
bones = calcium
needlelike threads of a spongy bone trabecule
dense bone tissue compact
ends of long bones spongy
outer covering of bone periosteum
fibers embedded in a firm gel cartilage
bone cells osteocytes
connect lacunae canaliculi
ring of bone lamellae
cartilage cells chondrocytes
structural unit of compact bone haversian system
functions of skeletal system support protection movement hemopoesis mineral storage
red blood cells are made in long bones. In adulthood, RBC are in flat bones
calcium most important to nerve impulses
prevent osteoporosis more calcium, wight bearing excercise, hormone replacement
bone growth stops at the end of puberty
immature bone cells osteoblasts
break down and reabsirb bine matrix osteoclasts
mature bone cells osteocytes
inTrAmembraneous bone growth occurs in flat bones
endochondraL long bones
bone breaks & pushes through skin compound fracture
fractured bone, what forms at the break? callus
two bones meet articulation
joints classification fiberous, cartiliganous & synovial
immovable synarthrotic
slightly movable amphiarthrotic
freely movable diarthrotic
cranial brain
anterior thoracic & abdominalpelvic
Created by: lhouvrets