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What is the smallest unit that can perform all life processes? A cell
What is anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism or to any part of it? Stimulus
What is the maintenance of a constant internal stata in a changing enviroment called? Homeostasis
Two parent's sex cells unite producing an offspring in... Sexual reproduction
The reproduction that doesnt involve uniting of sex cells in which a parent makes a copy of itself is... Asexual reproduction
WHat is the passing of genetic traits form parent to offspring? Heredity
WHat is the sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism called? Metabolism
What is an organis, that can make its own food and energy from its surroundings? A producer
What is an organism that eats other organisms and or organic matter? A Consumer
An orghanim that gets energy by breaking down remains of dead organisms to get energy and nutrients in a... Decomposer
A molecule made of amino acids that is neededto build and repair body structures is a... protein
What is a class of energy giving nutrients that includes sugars staches and fiber as well as carbon hydrogen and oxygen called? Carbohydrates
What is a type of bio-chemical that doesnt dissovle in water? fats steroids etc. Lipids
What is a lipid that contains phosphorus and is a structural component in the cell membrane? a phospholipid
Adenosine Triphosphat, a molecule that acts as an energy source for cell proesses is... ATP
What is a molecule made up of subunits called nucleotides? Nucleic acid
What is a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface called? A cell membrane
Small bodies found in cytoplasm that are specialized to preform specific cell functions are... organelles
A membrane bound organelle in eukaryotic cell that contains the cells DNA and plays roles in growth metabolism and reproduction processes is the Nucleus
What is an organism that consists of a single cell with no nucleus? A Prokaryote
What is an organism that has cells with nuclei enclosed in membranes called? A Eukaryote
WHat is a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support to the cell? A cell wall
A cell organelle comprised of RNA and protein which is also the site of protein synthesis is... A Ribosome
A system of membranes found in the cytoplasm that assists in the production, processing and transport of lipids and proteins is... The endoplasmic reticulum
What is a cell organelle that is surrounded by membranes and acts as the site of cellular respiration? the mitochondrion
What is the cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be transported to other parts of the cell? the Golgi complex
A small cavity or sac that contains materials in an eukaryotic cell is a... Vesicle
What is a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes called? a lysosome
What is a group of similar cells that perform a common function? A tissue
What are a group of tissue that carry out a specialized function of the body? An organ
A group of organs that work together to perform a specific body function is an... organ system
What is a living thing that can carry out any life processes independantly caller? an organism
What is the arrangement of parts in an organism called? The structure
the special, normal or proper activity of an organ or part is a... Function
What is diffusion? The movement of particles from regions of higher density to regions of lower density
what is osmosis? The diffusion of water through a semi permeable membrane
What is passive transport? Movement of substances across the cell membrane without the use of energy by the cell
What is active transport? The movement of substances across a semipermeable membrane with the use of energy
What is exocytosis? the process in which the cell releases a particle by enclosing it in a vesicle that moves out of the cell and fuses with the cell membrane.
What is endocytosis? The process by which a vesicle enclosed particle moves moves into a cell and fuses with the cell membrane
What is photosynthesis? Process by which plants algae and some bacteria use sunlight carbon dioxide and water to make food
What is the process by which cells use oxygen to get energy to produce food called? Cellular respiration
What is the break down of food without the use of oxygen? Fermentation
What is the life cycle of a cell called? The cell cycle
What is a chromosome? In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures that are made of DNA and protein
What are homologous chromosomes? Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and sam structure.
What is a process in eukaryotic cells that performs cell division creating two new nuclei called? Mitosis
What is the division of cytoplasm in a cell called? cytokinesis
What is the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring called? Heredity
What is the trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred? The dominant trait
What is the trait that reappears in the second generation after disappearing in the first generation when parents with different traits are bred? the recessive trait
What is a dichotomous key? Aid that identifies an organism based on the answers to a series of questions
What is the science of naming describing and classifying organisms? Taxonomy
What is the division of organisms into specific groups based on characteristics called? Classification
What are genes? One set of instructions for an inherited trait
What is an allele? Alternative form of a gene that governs a characteristic such as eye color
What is a phenotype? An organisms apperance or other detectable characteristic
What is a Genotype? The entire genetic makeup of an organism
What is probability? The likelihood that a possible future event will occur
What is meiosis? Process of cell division in which chromosome number decreases to half its original amount through two divisions of the nucleus
What is a sex chromosome? One pair of the chromosomes that determines the sex of an individual
What is a pedigree? A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genets trait in several generations
What are archaebacteria? Kingdom made up of bacteria that live in an extreme environment
what are eubacteria? A kingdom that consists of all prokaryotes except archaebacteria
What are protista? kingdom of mostly one celled organisms that are different from plants animals and bacteria
What are plantae? Kingdom of complex multicellular organisms that are usually green have cell walls made of cellulose cannot move and use the suns energy for food
What are fungi? Kingdom of non green eukaryotic organisms that cant move, can make spores and get food by breaking down organisms
What are animalia? Kingdom of complex multicellular organisms that lack cell walls, can move around and respond quickly to their environment
Created by: Wheatly