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CMS6-Unit 10 Test Re

CMS6-Unit 10 -Australia-Test Review

QuestionAnswer
True or False? Due to an abundance of many natural resources and a relatively small population, Australia is one of the world’s largest exporters of minerals and agricultural products. True
Few people live in this part of Australia because of its dryness (lack of rainfall and surface water): Outback (interior)
Most people in Australia live along the Eastern and Southeastern coasts because of the presence of all of the following except: good food
Due to the impact of the British colonization of Australia the religion and language practiced by most Australians are which of the following? English and Christianity
How does the high literacy rate in Australia affect its economy and enhance the standard of living for its citizens? Australia’s high literacy rate contributes to its economic success and promotes a high standard of living.
In which system of government does the legislature elect the executive leader of the government? parliamentary democracy
What is a basic way citizens of a democratic nation can influence the government? voting
The leader of the Parliament in countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom is called the prime minister
Which type of government would most likely abolish all opposing political parties, the direct election of leaders, and free speech? autocratic
As the leader of your political party, you were chosen to be the government by your co-workers in the legislature. Which form of government do you have? parliamentary
Which best describes how a parliamentary democracy differs from a presidential democracy? The head of the government is a member of the legislature
A system of government in which a monarch is guided by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom. Constitutional monarchy
A form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided - usually by means of a constitution - between a central authority and a number of constituent regions (states, colonies, or provinces). Federal (Federation)
A political system in which the legislature (parliament) selects the government - a prime minister, premier, or chancellor along with the cabinet ministers - according to party strength as expressed in elections. Parliamentary democracy
Australia's government power is divided between one central and several regional authorities. Name the type of government. Federal
Which of following best describes a market economy? A person can start any legal business and charge any price
In which economic system are the production and distribution of goods owned by private individuals or corporations? market
In a traditional economic system people usually exchange goods or services rather than use money. Which of the following is an example of this exchange process? bartering with a seller
The economic system of communist countries is most closely related to which of the following? command
A market economy is very different from a command economy. Which of the following is found in a market economy? competition
Which of the following explanations would reflect a country with a mixed economy (i.e., between a pure market and pure command)? A combination of privately-owned industry and government control
When a country has a market economy, which of these statements correctly defines this system? Companies produce goods of their choice and consumers decide whether to buy the goods.
Which term best describes an economic system in which the people—not the government—own land, factories, and businesses? market
Which trade barrier discourages trade by placing a tax on foreign goods? Tariff
Which word has the same meaning as the economic term "tariff"? tax
What is the purpose of a tariff, such as a protective tariff? to increase the prices of imported goods and protect a country's own industries from foreign competition
A country's parliament votes to increase tariffs upon goods from another country. This is an example of a representative democracy restricting trade
You a governor in Australia.Surfing has a huge impact on your economy. You want to: * Protect Australian surfboard manufacturers from foreign competition, *Generate more taxes. What type of trade barrier would accomplish both of these goals? tariff
In a speech, the Prime Minister says: “My plan will give incentives to companies who invest in new computers and wireless communications systems.” The PM’s plan is based on the conclusion that: An investment in capital goods will increase the country’s gross domestic product (GDP)
In a speech, the Prime Minister says: “My plan will give incentives to companies who provide technology education and training for their employees.” The Prime Minister’s plan is based on the conclusion that: An investment in human capital will increase the country’s gross domestic product (GDP)
A sixth−grade class decides to open a popcorn stand. The stand and the popcorn popper are examples of which factor of production? capital resources
In the speech, the Prime Minister says: “My plan will give incentives to companies who invest in new computers and wireless communications systems.” The Prime Minister’s plan is based on the conclusion that: An investment in capital goods will increase the country’s gross domestic product (GDP)
In the speech, the Prime Minister says: “My plan will give tax breaks and incentives to Australians who want to start their own small business...” The Prime Minister’s plan is based on the conclusion that: Promoting entrepreneurship will improve economic development
In a speech, the Prime Minister says: “My plan for energy independence will focus on sources of energy we have here in Australia—including oil & natural gas, wind, and solar power.” The Prime Minister’s plan is based on the conclusion that: The development and use of domestic natural resources will help the Australian economy.
The first Australians were nomadic hunters and gatherers. When Europeans reached Australia, they called the dark−skinned people they encountered Aborigines
Who were the first inhabitants of Australia? People who migrated from Asia (Aborigines)
The British colonized Australia and made a penal colony for prisoners. Which of the folowing is not a reason why the British used Australia as a place to send prisoners? Australia was encouraging migration at the time
In the late 1700s the British government used the colony of Australia as a prison to which criminals could be sent
Why did so many aborigines die after European colonization of Australia? Europeans brought new diseases to Australia
Locate on a map: the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Ayers Rock (Uluru), Tasmania, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Tropic of Capricorn, Darling River, Murray River, and the Great Victoria Desert. Study your Australia Map assignment
Created by: jpkelley on 2012-11-25



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