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pt 101 term list 3

list of terminology from third list

Admixture is a substance produced by mixing two or more substances.
Aerosol is a medication dosage form that contains a gaseous substance consisting of fne liquid or solid particles.
Amphetamines sunstances that are frequently abused as a stimulant medication; they can be used to treat narcolepsy, eating disorders and ADD/ADHD.
Anticholinergic refers to a substance that inhibits hypersecretion and G.I motility.
Antiemetic relieves nausea and vomiting.
Antispasmodic relieves stomach muscle spasms.
Arrythmia is an irregular heartbeat.
Arteriosclerosis is a condition characterized by thickening and hardening of the arteries.
Benzodiazepine is a substance used to treat anxiety disorders.
Compound refers to substances made from a combination of two or more substances.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a potentially fatal condition of the cardiovascular system wherein the heart has lost its ability to pump blood in and out.
Corticosteroids are substances used to prevent minor asthma attacks or to treat severe attacks.
Dementia is a disease characterized by progressive memory loss as well as learning and thinking disorders, often leads to Alzheimer's disease.
Edema refers to the abnormal swelling of the body, caused by an increased build-up of fluids in tissues and organs.
Effervescent Tablet is a tablet that is dissolved into a liquid before administration.
Electrolytes are salts that the body requires in its fluids that are essential in nerve, muscle and heart functions.
Emphysema is an irreversible disease in which there has been severe damage to the aveoli (tiny air sacs) in the lungs, resulting in a decrease in the exchange of gases; symptoms are wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath & difficulty breathing
Emulsion is a liquid dosage form of a mixture of two products that normally do not mix together.
Half-life defines the amount of time it takes for half of a substnace to be broken down in the body and excreted.
Hemorrhage refers to severe bleeding(can be external or internal).
Histamine (H2) Blocker reduces acid secretion by blocking histamine from reaching the H2 receptor.
Homeostasis a relative constancy in the internal environment of the body, naturally maintained by by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival.
Hyperlipidemic refers to high cholesterol.
Hypnotic refers to a substance that relaxes the central nervous system to produce sleep.
Inactive Ingredients are the remaining ingredients, other than the active ingredients, that are found in a drug; used to flavor, digest, color and bind the whole substance.
Inflammation is any redness, swelling, pain or heat in the body tissue caused by physical injury, infection or irritation.
Liniment are medications that are applied to the skin with friction or rubbing. Liniments can be solutions, suspensions or emulsions.
Lotion is a liquid dosage form that contains a powdered substance in a suspension, used externally to soothe, cool, dry and protect.
Metabolism is defined as the physical and chemical processes of the body that convert consumed food into energy for use by the tissues and organs.
Muscle relaxant are used to treat involuntary, painful contraction of muscles by slowing the passage of nerve signals that cause pain to the muscles.
Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory agents (NSAID) are substances that inhibit the production of the enzymes necessary for synthesis of prostaglandins, reducing pain and inflammation.
Osteoporosis is a medical condition characterized by a loss in total bone density; it can be a result of calcium deficiency, menopause, certain endocrine diseases, advanced age, medications or by other risk factors.
Otic the administration of medication into the ear.
Parenteral the administration of medication by any other route than oral: administraion by injection.
Pathogen is a microorganism(bacteria or virus) that causes disease.
Proton Pump Inhibitors are substances that reduce gastic acid build-up by blocking the release of protons by proton pumps.
Solution is a liquid dosage form in which the medication is completely dissolved in a liquid.
Stimulant are a class of medications that are intended to increase alertness and physical activity.
Systemic refers to the whole body.
Tolerance is the condition in which the body has become unresponsive to a substance after prolonged exposure.
Created by: britt711