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WOM Extra Terms

Extra WOM music terms from Book 8.

Music TermDefinition
Harmonic Cadence A two-chord progression at the end of each phrase, section, and whole piece.
Authentic Cadence V or V7 moving to a I.
Half Cadence Any chord (usually IV or ii) moving to V.
Plagal Cadence IV moving to I.
Deceptive Cadence V moving to a chord other than I, usually vi. Phrase length may be extended or obscured by means of a deceptive cadence.
Melodic Range The distance from the lowest to the highest melodic tone.
Narrow Range Up to 5 scale-steps.
Moderate Range 5 or 6 scale-steps up to an octave plus two or three scale-steps.
Wide Range An octave plus four scale-steps or more.
Scale A stepwise ladder of tones.
Chromatic Scale A scale compromised entirely of half steps. e.g., C C# D D# E E# F F# G G# A A# B C
Church Modes Seven ancient scales with varying patterns of whole and half steps.
Major Scale A rising or falling series of step-wise tones, with the following pattern of whole and half steps: W W H W W W H.
Minor Scale A rising or falling series of step-wise tones, with the following pattern of whole and half steps for the natural minor scale: W H W W H W W.
Pentatonic Scale A scale with only five notes. e.g., C# D# F# G# A#.
Whole-tone Scale A scale compromised only of whole steps. e.g., C D E F# G# A#
Tempo The speed of steady beats moving in time.
Largo Very slow; broadly
Adagio Slowly; leisurely
Andante Moderately slow; walking speed
Allegretto Moderately fast, but not as fast as Allegro.
Allegro Fast
Vivace Fast and Lively
Presto Very Fast
Texture The manner in which all sounding parts are combined in music.
Monophonic texture One melody line sounding alone.
Homophonic Texture One melody line with accompaniment.
Polyphonic Texture Two or more melodically independent melody lines sounding at the same time.
Created by: BunnyLover1248