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Music App


The transitional style which combined Baroque and Classical characteristics in early eighteenth-century France was known as all of the following except the expressive style
All of the following are characteristics of Rococo visual arts except Rococo art was designed to edify or improve rather than to amuse and entertain.
The music of the Rococo was generally light and entertaining rather than serious and dramatic. True
The French aristocracy moved away from the formal and austere court at Versailles to the intimate __________ salons and comfortable country lodges. Paris
Which of the following best describes the social life of the French aristocracy during the reign of the Duke of Orleans? France was a secular, materialistic, society marked by loose morals and the pursuit of pleasure.
All of the following are characteristics of Rococo art except furniture was beautifully made but uncomfortable and of little use
One of the finest composers of the Rococo period was Antoine Watteau. False
In Rococo music, more than one melody was frequently introduced within a piece or movement, in contrast to the Baroque inclination to present one melodic idea, one mood or "affection," at a time. True
The texture of Rococo music was generally homophonic
In France, the most important composer of the Rococo period was Francois Couperin
In Italy, the most important composer of the Rococo period was Domenico Scarlatti
Both Domenico Scarlatti and Francois Couperin were well known as composers of keyboard works
Germany introduced a style similar to the French Rococo–the __________ style. Expressive
Unlike the French Rococo, the German expressive style represented __________ taste. Middle Class
The most famous composer in the German expressive style was Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach.
From about __________, democratic, republican, and revolutionary causes affected every phase of European life and art. 1750- 1825
Although the late eighteenth century was marked by democratic revolution and profound social change, it was also a period of classical restraint in the arts. True
The two outstanding Classical composers of the late eighteenth century were Haydn and Mozart
The musical center of the Classical style, and the city where Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven all lived and worked was Vienna
Which of the following characteristics of the late eighteenth century's artistic style renders the term Classical particularly applicable to the period? All of the above
It was the French who articulated and defended the ideas that led to the Age of Reason, but they freely acknowledged their debt to the English for pointing the way toward the intellectual movement called the Enlightenment
The members of the Enlightenment were concerned with mistreatment of the upper classes, and they initiated significant humanitarian reforms to correct these injustices. False
Proponents of the Enlightenment believed that knowledge is universal, truth absolute, and reason the pathway to Enlightenment. True
The frivolous, aristocratic art of the Rococo was well suited to expressing the enlightened, democratic, and revolutionary views of the late eighteenth century. False
The greatest painter of mid-eighteenth-century France was J.B.S. Chardin
Jacques-Louis David was a __________ artist whose revolutionary sympathies imbued his later works with romantic characteristics. Neoclassical
The English artist __________ was a moralist, but he tempered his visual sermons with satire and caustic wit. William Hogarth
One of England's greatest painters during this period, __________, preferred to paint the rich and the elegant, stressing line over color in the classical manner. Sir Joshua Reynolds
Who made the likenesses of Franklin, Jefferson, and Washington on United States coins? Houdon
In literature, the eighteenth century was an age of __________ more than poetry. Prose
During the eighteenth century, the __________ theater was of unprecedented importance. English
The term classical is an ambiguous word that has acquired all of the following meanings except referring to a work of art that is new, innovative, and sure to become popular
The goals of the Enlightenment included all of the following except to encourage mystic, supernatural, and religious beliefs.
During the eighteenth century, concerts became more common and the public's appreciation for music increased. True
During the late eighteenth century, a significant number of women became professional musicians, braving criticisms of impropriety and often winning recognition for their accomplishments. True
During the eighteenth century, Marianne von Martinez studied with the famous composer, __________, and later composed a large number of full-length works. Franz Joseph Haydn
Which Classical composer accepted the social and artistic restrictions of court employment? Haydn
All of the following were characteristics of Classical music except composers embraced Baroque intensity of religious feeling.
During the Classical period, the predominant texture was homophony
During the Classical period, although Italy continued to dominate the world of opera, the main centers of musical activity moved north to the following cities except Paris
Instrumental music finally surpassed vocal music in both quantity and quality during the Classical period. True
The overall design of a work is called it's form
The three outstanding composers of the Classical period were Mozart, Hadyn, and Beethoven
Among instrumental forms, the __________ experienced the greatest development and offered composers the widest field for creativity during the mid-1700s. symphony
Classical composers changed the orchestra in all of the following ways except narrowing the Baroque conception of the orchestra
In the middle of the eighteenth century, the German city of __________ developed an outstanding orchestra which attracted attention throughout western Europe. Mannheim
The Mannheim orchestra achieved all of the following except terraced dynamics
__________, an early master of the symphonic form, was employed as a court composer by the same noble family for nearly thirty years. Franz Joseph Hadyn
Haydn was a vain man who called himself the "master of all" composers. False
The Classical composers expanded the Baroque concept of multimovement compositions by standardizing the number of movements for certain types of works.
A __________ is a multimovement work played by an orchestra and originally based on the Italian overture consisting of three movements (fast-slow-fast). symphony
Classical composers expanded the sections and added a fourth movement to the symphony, organizing each "movement" according to the principles of a chosen instrumental form. True
After the Baroque period, the concerto grosso declined in importance and was replaced by the Classical concerto for orchestra and one soloist. True
A Classical concerto usually has __________ movements. Three
A Classical concerto usually had at least one passage, called a __________, which was improvised by the soloist alone. cadenza
Where does the cadenza usually occur in a concerto? toward the end of a movement
The orchestra prepares for a cadenza by playing a long decrescendo that ends quietly on the tonic chord. False
The end of the improvised solo passage in a concerto is often indicated by a __________, which summons the orchestra to join in bringing the movement to a close. trill
Since the nineteenth century, composers have written cadenzas for their concertos and have even published cadenzas for earlier concertos, including those written by Haydn, Mozart, and their contemporaries. True
Music performed by a relatively small number of people in a small room is called _________ music. Chamber
In a chamber music performance, each player must be an accomplished performer since each is responsible for one line of music. True
The Classical period's appreciation for clarity of thought, purity of sound, and emotional restraint made chamber music one of the favorite means of expression. True
Most Classical chamber ensembles consisted of several instruments belonging to the same family
The most popular Classical small ensemble was the the string quartet
The Classical string quartet consisted of two violins, viola, and cello
In a Classical string quartet, the person playing __________ serves as the leader of the group. first violin
A Classical string quartet usually consists of __________ movements. four
Another Classical multimovement composition to be "sounded" by one or two instruments is called a sonata
In a sonata for two instruments, such as a violin and a piano, each of the instruments is of equal importance. True
All of the following were common forms in the Classical period except toccata-allegro form
The Classical sonata-allegro form was generally conceived as a three-part structure. True
The three main sections of the Classical sonata-allegro form are the exposition, development, and recapitulation.
The most significant difference between the exposition and the recapitulation in sonata-allegro form is that the exposition changes key but the recapitulation does not.
An extended closing section in the Classical sonata-allegro form is called the coda
Unlike Baroque composers, who typically confined one section of a work to one mood or "affection," Classical composers often considered the two tonal areas of the sonata-allegro exposition an opportunity to present two melodies of a contrasting nature. True
Classical sonata-allegro form has been nicknamed the "fourth movement form" because it has been used as the fourth movement for so many symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and string quartets. False
The third movement of many Classical symphonies, sonatas, and string quartets is a Minuet and Trio
The minuet was a stately dance introduced at the seventeenth-century court of Louis XIV. True
The Classical rondo form was used for any multimovement work, but often seemed particularly appropriate for the last movement. True
One form of a Classical rondo is A B A C A
Although the Classical period produced much more vocal than instrumental music, very few operas and very little vocal religious music was composed during this time False
Born in a German state and educated in Prague and Vienna, __________ spent four years studying and composing operas in Italy and was responsible for the reform opera. Christoph Willibald Gluck
Gluck proposed to __________ serious opera by imposing classical restraint upon it. reform
Gluck was impressed by a famous French Baroque composer, Jean-Philippe Rameau, who attempted with some success to integrate __________ into the drama of his works. ballet
Gluck wrote the first reform opera, which was Orfeo and Euridice
In his reform operas, Gluck did all of the following except including many da capo arias because of their intense dramatic quality
The introductory orchestra piece of an opera is called the overture
Gluck responded to a statement made by __________ that the French language was entirely unsuited to singing by effectively setting a French libretto to music. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Due in large part to Gluck's efforts, French replaced Italian as the language of serious opera all over Europe in the eighteenth century. False
Light in mood and concerned with everyday characters and events, __________ operas developed in several countries during the eighteenth century. Comic
Audiences appreciated the fact that comic operas were written in their own, local language and that all comic operas (except the Italian form) used spoken dialogue instead of recitative. True
In Italy during the early eighteenth century, short comic episodes interspersed between acts of a serious opera became so popular that composers used them as the basis for a new style of opera. True
The first comic opera was __________, written by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi. La Serva Padrona
The opera buffa introduced the ensemble __________ to bring an act or an opera to a musically and dramatically exciting close. finale
One of history's most tragic figures, __________, began his performing career as a child prodigy. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Although Mozart had a short life that was marked by financial difficulties he delighted his audiences and was highly paid for his services.
All of the following are TRUE about Mozart's operas except classical restraint and proportion are often abandoned.
Mozart's opera buffa, The Marriage of Figaro, was based upon a politically volatile play by the French writer, Pierre Beaumarchais. True
In The Marriage of Figaro one of the main characters is a nobleman who is outwitted and humiliated by his own servants. True
Although the Classical period was primarily a secular age, the Church remained a strong influence in some areas of Europe; however, very few composers contributed to the repertoire of religious music. False
The following were all TRUE of Classical religious music except expressive passages in homophonic texture were used.
After Bach and Handel, Protestant music declined because the music was supposed to be a functional part of the service rather than "art for art's sake." True
When Haydn was criticized for writing religious music that was too "happy," he replied that he did not believe the Lord minded cheerful music. True
Just before he died, Mozart composed a __________, the Mass performed for funeral or memorial services. Requiem
Created by: Moulder