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Thermal Energy Otto

This is only for people at North Ridge

Thermal Energy the kinetic energy of moving particles of a substance or an object. The more of this energy, the warmer it is
Temperature a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of an object. Tne faster they move they higher the temperature
Farenheit the way temperature is given in the US. Water freezes at 32 degreees F and boils at 212 degrees
Celsius Scale water freezes at 0 (zero) degrees and boils at 100 degrees
Heat the transfer of thermal energy from warmer objects to cooler ones
3 processes that transfer thermal enrgy -conduction -convection -radiation
Kelvin Scale A scale that some scientists use because it starts at absolute zero
Conduction the transfer of thermal energy when 2 objects touch. When a warmer solid touches a cooler one, some of the warmer solid's thermal energy transfers to the cooler solid.
Convection the transfer of thermal energy through fluid. The fluid can be liquid or gas
Radiation the transfer of thermal energy as waves, example the sun or a microwave
Conductor Something that transfers heat well
Insulator Something that transfer heat horribly
Thermometer Something that measures heat
solid -> liquid malting point
liquid -> solid freezing point
gas -> liquid condensing point
liquid -> gas vaporizing point
matter something that has mass and takes up space
Created by: omajtenyi