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cell chapter

animal and plant cells

organism any living thing
cell the smallest unit of an organism that carries on the functions of life
homeostasis the reguuulation of an organisms internal life maintaining condition despite change in its enviroment
binomial nomenclauture the two-word naming system that linnaeus used to name varios organism
genus is a group of simualir species
phylogeny is the evolutionary history of an organism that is how the organism has changed over time
kindom there are boarder groups preceding species the largest
Cell theory States that organisms are made up of one or more cells the cell is the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells.
Cell wall a tough rigid outering covering that protect cells and gives them shape
Cell membrane the protective layer surrounding every cell
Cytoplasm cells are filled with a gelaninlike substance
Ribosomes cells make their own protien on small structures
Organelles within the cytoplasm of the eukaryotic cells are stuctures
Nucleus all cellular activites are directed by nucleus
Chloroplasts in plant cells food is made in green organels in the cytoplasm
Mitochondria the energy in food usually is released by mitochondria
Endoplasmic reticulum is a series of folded membranes in which can be processed and moved around inside the cell
Golgi bodies after proteins are made in the cell they are tranferred to another type of cell organelles
Tissue is a group of similar cells that work together to do one job
Organ is a structure made up of two or more different types of tissues that work together
Organ system a group of organs working together to perform a certain function
Created by: mesacompton