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Johnson Speech101

Stevie Johnson's Speech 101

Four cannons of rhetoric? Invention, arrangement, style and delivery
Origin of public speaking? 5th century B.C. Greeks take credit for African ideas
Source/speaker Is the one who delivers the speech
Encoding Creating, organizing, producing and converting thoughts into words.
Message / Speech Collection of thoughts, feelings and ideas that are presented to the audience and expressed verbally or non verbally.
Sending channel Sent by source / speaker
Receiver / Audience The audience is the recipient of the source's message.
Decoding How you decipher a message is how it is _____.
Meaning What it says to you is its ______.
Feedback channel Any mental and/or physical response received from your audience that can be heard, seen and understood.
Context Is the conditions in which the speech is delivered. The four parts are; physical setting, historical, psychological & culture.
Noise Any stimuli that gets in the way of your speech.
Why is public speaking empowerment? A speech can change minds, create laws, stop injustice, start wars or kill millions.
Forms of delivery Impromptu, manuscript, memorization and extemporaneous.
Three main categories of speeches? Entertainment, informative and persuasive.
Impromptu Unrehearsed, at the moment.
Narrative Personal experience.
Informative To create an understanding
Persuasive To move into action
Acceptance / Eulogy Time permiting
Clear goal First step in creating an effective speech plan is having a ____ ____.
4 steps to making a goal? A. Analyze the occasion B. select a topic C. Create an effective goal statement D. Develop a strategy
Analyze the occasion Know the purpose or assignment
Selecting a topic Pick something you know about or that is important to you.
Creating your goal statement The goal of your speech is a single statement that specifies the exact response you want from your audience.
Conclusion summarizes your main points and leaves on a strong note.
Visual aids are used to clarify, emphasize and to dramatize.
Metaphor compares two things by saying one thing is another thing.
Hyperbole a description that is greatly exaggerated
Alliteration repetition of a letter or sounds, usually at the beginning of words.
Onomatopoeia words that suggest the sound of what they are describing.
Litotes denying the opposite of what is meant, sometimes humorously.
Oxymoron a contradictory phrase
4 components of active listening (AURE) attending understanding remembering evaluating
4 characteristics of voice (PVRQ) Pitch Volume Rate Quality
Articulators (LPTT) Lips Tongue Palate Teeth
3 parts of physical delivery Voice Articulation Bodily action
Bodily action Poise Gestures Facial Expressions Movement Posture Eye Contact
Nerves State Trait
3 types of Noise Semantic Internal External
7 steps to creating an effective speech plan 1. Determine a speech goal 2. Research 3. Develop strategy 4. Organize (MLA) 5. Create Visual Aids 6. Practice Wording 7. Practice Delivery
5 ways to create an opening statement Humor Rhetorical Question Short story Quotation Personal Reference
Goal of an informative speech 1. Demonstrating 2. Describing 3. Defining 4. Reporting
Function of opening statement 1. grab audience attention 2. Lead into the body of the speech 3. Build a rapport
Function of a Goal Statement to articulate the speakers objective