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Music 100 Exam 1

Cards for chapters 1-6

Rhythm the motion of music in time
Beat steady underlying pulse
Duple and Triple Meter two or three beat measures/common time
Asymmetrical Meter other than 2-3 meter, beats are measured from 5-7 beat measures
Tempo Rater of the beat
Simple meter beat is divided evenly in half
compound meter beat is divided into thirds
syncopation -accent that contradicts the meter -rhythmic surprise
Polyrhythm more than 1 rhythm at the same time
Melody consecutive pitches that promote a coherent idea
Identify a major scale C to C scale
White keys A-G keys
How many tones in an octave 12 tones with 7 different letters
Half step smallest type of interval between keys
whole step two half steps
intonation tuning
countour shape of the melodic line
disjunct contour wide intervals with jagged contour or wide range
conjunct contour narrow intervals with smooth contour and narrow range
What is a sentence? complete melody
what is a phrase? sentence divided into sections
what is a cadence a pause in a phrase
tonality momentum toward a final tone or "home"
Humanism center around the human body rather than the divine.
Renaissance rebirth of classical learning. (ancient greek and roman) 1450-1600
Josquin -sacred and secular music -polyphonic mass -uses imitative polyphony -pange lingua
Palestrina -used in religious activities because emphasized the words -homphonic style -pope marcellus mass
Motet -religious text but not used in religious services -polyphonic style [imitative and hompoh] -no repetition -Ex. Josquin Ave Maria
Madrigal -secular -polyphonic setting -derived from text and no repetition -vernacular languages -subject: love and praising patrons -Ex. Thomas Weelkes: As Vesta Was From Latmos Hill Descending
Chanson -French with courtly love -homophonic setting -repetitions -flexible arrangements with voices and instruments -Ex. Claudin Sermisy: Tand que Vivray
4 categories of Instrumental music -strings -brass -woodwinds -percussion
Consorts similar instruments set from low to high pitch
broken/mixed consorts different instruments in combinations -emphasizes individual instrumental parts
shwams and sackbuts loud band
recorders soft band
lute popular instrument that can polyphonic pieces
instrumental music used for arranging voices in vocal works
Texture layers of musical activity
Monopohonic texture 1 melody with nothing added to it
heterophony several voices/instruments performing the same melody but with slight variations
homphonic texture one primary melody with support
rhythmic unison supporting parts have same rhythm just different pitches
melody and accompaniment supporting parts with and independent rhythm
imitative polyphony same melody played against itself
non-imitative polyphony different melodies at the same time
Call and response one melody divided between two groups or people
Medieval Europe 450-1450; music central to worship, composers were mainly patrons to the church
Medieval European Composers linked to the church and educated by the church in notation
Neumes notation without lines [memory aides]
Single line staff notation with pitch reference
Four line staff notation with four lines
Square notation notation that is still used today
Gregorian Chant -Plainchant -flexible rhythm -single melodic line -syllabic or melismatic -Ex. Haec Dies
syllabic one note for each syllable
melismatic one syllable held over many notes
Hildegard von Bergen -one of earliest composers -nun,abbess
Organum -vocal polyphony based on plainchant
Ars Nova Style -polyphonic -voices and instruments mixed
4 attributes of sound pitch, amplitude, timbre, duration
dynamics descriptive terms for volume levels
crescendo gradually louder
static unchanging dynamics
terraced suddenly louder or softer
decresdcendo gradually softer
timber quality of sound that separates each instrument and voice -dependent on overtones -combinations of instruments [nirvana vs nirvana unplugged]
harmony simultaneous pitch with chords in logical sequences
form structure and organization [shape]
Created by: taydizzle25