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music exam 2gege

When was the baroque period? 1600 - 1750
Age of Kings with absolute rule Age of Absolutism
Known for drama, passion and action Baroque Art
The idea that a piece of music should endorse a single emotion Doctrine of Affections
Music that only uses instruments Instrumental music
Individual sections of music that when put together, comprise an entire piece Movements
A musical structure that establishes a starting point, moves far away from it, then returns home Tonality
The home key Tonic
The far away key Dominant
A way to organize sound that is not related to worlds, and allows composers to create expectation in instrumental music Musical Form
A two section form with repetition, AABB Binary Dance form
Genre that uses Binary Dance form Dance suite
A piece for larger orchestra that contrasts the sound of a small group and large group Concerto
Alternating between large and small groups, the form used in the FIRST movement of a concerto Concerto Form
The music that the entire group plays when the focus is not on these soloist Ritornello
A style of singing with a lot of notes Coloratura
ABA' form where the last section is supposed to be ornamented by the singer through improvisation Da Capo Aria
Genre that uses Da Capo Aria Baroque Opera
A type of polyphonic music with strict limitation Fugue
The melody that is repeated in each voice of a fugue Subject
The beginning of a piece, when the subject appears sequentially in each voice of a fugue Exposition
Imrpovisatory-like music in a fugue Episodes
An instrument genre with four movements, general slow-fast-slow-fast. Sonata
Two different kinds of sonatas Sonata da Chiesa, Sonata de Camera
A single instrument backed up by a keyboard and bass instrument Solo Sonata
Two solos backed by a keyboard and bass instrument Trio Sonata
Pieces that have solo singers, small orchestra, and a choir Cantata
How many cantatas did Bach write? 300
Some kind of grand orchestral section The beginning of a cantata
Alternation between recitative and aria The middle of a cantata
A chorale The end of a cantata
Very basic choral piece tied to the Lutheran religion Chorale
A big cantata, tells a story, most likely biblical Oratorio
German musician who wrote italian music in England Handel
Classical Period 1750-1830
There are abstract ideas that the world creates approximations of Platonic ideas
Musicians are interested in form and organization, balance, symmetry Result of the platonic ideas of Classical period
The rise of rational thought in Western culture Enlightenment
The idea that enlightenment philosophy can make monarchies better for everyone Enlightened Absolutism
Created a new revenue source for musicians in the area of selling music to amateur musicians Rise of Middle class
New Genres created in the Classical period Symphony, sonata, string quartet
Orchestral piece with 4 movements and follows fast-slow-dance-fast order Symphony
Chamber music played by 2 violins, one viola, one cello, that follows fast-slow-dance-fast order String Quartet
Became more defined than in baroque period, with the number of movements changed, basso continuo group goes away Sonata
Fast-slow-fast Order of Sonata
Exposision, development, recapitulation Sonata form
Introduction of two themes in sonata form Exposition
An improvisatory section in which the composer chops up the material in the exposition and creates new music by mixing them in a variety of keys Development
Both themes return but this time they're both in the same key (tonic) Recapitulation
It's used in the Sonata genre, symphony and string quartet, and almost always the first movement Sonata form
A B A C A D A, more catchy than sonatas Rondo form
Becomes one of the artistic capitols of Europe in the classical period Vienna, Austria
One of the primary goals of music in the classical period Entertainment
Becomes more important in classical period Folk music
Created by someone who studies the technique of art High art
Made by folk artists, who don't have formal training Low art
Classical period is considered (this) while baroque is more complex Simplistic
Why have differences in conceptions of complexity? If you want the common listener to listen, you make it understandable
The father of the symphony Haydn
An adjective that describes a person with natural genius Mozartian
A secret piece of the Vatican, no written copy of the music existed outside the church Miserere
Musics that existed between the baroque and classical periods Transitional Music
Dark emotional music known for a lack of structure Sturm und Drang
Easy listening music Gallant
The style of music is almost always directly dependent on... Technology of instruments
repetition that makes your music memorable Formulas
Most common instrument that sonatas were written for piano
flashy pieces meant to show off technique of the player Concertos
Created by: 141304156