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ch24 poultry

Chapter 24 Poultry Breed Identification and Production Management

air cell empty area located at the large end of an egg that provides oxygen
albumuin egg white that surrounds the yolk
American class chicken class developed in North American for egg and meat production
Asiatic class chicken class developed in Asia for show and ornamental breeds
avian influenza commonly called bird flu and occurs as a naturally occurring virus within the intestinal tract, affects poultry and humans
avian pox virus of poultry spread by mosquitoes, lowers the immune system slowly
beard hairs located under the wattles in turkeys
bird flu influenza virus found in avian species that may be zoonotic to humans
broiler young chick between 6-8 weeks of age and under 4 pounds used for meat
broiler egg production system system where chicks are raised for large production numbers and selected for broiler programs
broiler production system used to produce the most amount of meat as possible
Burial process of placing a carcass in the ground and covering to allow decomposition
candling technique of using a light to view the internal structure of an egg
capon male castrated chicken over 6 pounds and 6 months of age
carcass dead body of an animal
carotene protein the promotes the health of organs
chalaza part of the egg that achors the yolk to the egg white
chick young chicken
chicken most important type of poultry and largest industry with four different classes
coccidiosis internal protozoan parasites of poultry and wild birds that is spread through water, food, and soil contamination
cock adult male chicken
cockeral male chicken under a year of age
comb flesh like projection on the top of the head
composting process of disposing of dead birds by layering the carcass with waste materials and bedding to allow decomposition or wearing away
de-beak procedure to remove the tip of a chicks beak to prevent pecking damage to other chicks
down soft feather covering that grows under primary feathers
drake adult male duck
duckling young ducks
ducks small water birds used for meat, feathers, and down
egg production system used to produce a quality egg for human consumptions
eggshell outer calcium layer that protects an egg
egg quality the size, shape, and color of the egg is determined by the internal and external appearance of an egg
emaciated severe weight loss and dehydration
emu large flightless bird native to Australia, smaller than the ostrich
English class chicken class developed in England for better meat production
fertile egg with an embryo present due to a male fertilizing the egg
flock a group of poultry
forced molting using a light source to cause feathers to shed and regrow at specific times of the year
fowl another term for poultry
fowl cholera bacterial infection of poultry that causes a purple coloration to the head
fryer another term for broiler since they have tender meat
gander adult male goose
geese large water birds used for meat, eggs, feathers, and down
germinal disc white spot in the egg yolk where the sperm enters the egg cell to allow fertilization
gizzard muscular organ used to break down food to allow digestion
goose adult female goose
gosling young goose
grit substance used to break down hard materials, such as seed shells, to allow food to digest
guinea fowl small wild birds domesticated for meat, eggs, and hunting
hen adult female chicken
herpes virus virus that causes diarrhea, weight loss, wing or leg paralysis, and death in bird species
incubation period length of time until egg hatch
incubator equipment used to house eggs at a controlled temperature and humidity
infectious bronchitis respiratory virus that affects only chickens and affects egg production
inner shell membrane thin area located outside of the albumin
knob projection on the top of beak
layer adult female hen that lays eggs
litter wood shavings used as bedding to absorb droppings
Marek's disease poultry disease caused by herpes virus known as range paralysis due to causing wing or leg paralysis
Mediterranean class chicken class developed in the Mediterranean for large quantities of egg producers
molting process of shedding feather to allow new feather growth
Newcastle disease respiratory virus that causes poultry to twisth their necks
ostrich largest and most common ratite that grows over 10 feet tall
outer shell membrane thin area just inside the shell
peacock adult male pea fowl
peafowl poultry raised for colorful, large feathers
peahen adult female pea fowl
Pheasant wild species of game birds raised for meat and hunting purposes
pigeons small wild birds raised in captivity for meat and hunting purposes
poult young turkey
poultry domesticated birds with feather, two legs, two wings, and used as a source of eggs, meat, feathers, and by products
poultry science study of poultry breeding, incubation, production, and management to learn to produce a quality product at a reasonable price
protozoan single celled organism or parasite
pullet young chicken raised to lay eggs
pullet production system where hens are raised for fertile egg production
quail small wild bird that makes the whistle sound "bobwhite" and is raised for eggs
range paralysis common name for Marek's disease caused by a herpes virus
ratite large flightless birds raised for poultry and production purposes
replacement hens pullets used to replace older hens that are no longer capable of egg production
rhea moderate sized flightless bird native to South America
roaster chick over 8 weeks of age and 4 pounds used as meat
rooster adult male chicken
serration spaces on the top of a comb
spent hen adult female hen that has aged and decreased or stops egg production and is used as meat sources in processed foods
swan large water birds with long, thin necks raised as ornamental poultry
turkey large sized poultry breed with large body and long, thin neck, specifically raised for meat
wattle flesh like area located under the chin
yolk inner yellow cell membrane created by the hen's ovary
Created by: tromanczak