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Chapter 2,3,4 vocab

anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of space taken up by an object volume
a unifying expression for a broad ranger of hypothesises and observations that have been supported by testing theory
a summary of many experimental results and observations law
what is used to measure weight newton
the curve at the surface of a liquid meniscus
the amount of matter in an object mass
a measure of the gravitational force exerted on a object weight
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion inertia
property that can be observed or measured without changing the matter's identity physical property
amount of matter in a given volume density
a change that affects one or more physical properties of a substance physical change
when one or more substances are changed into new substances that have newand different properties chemical change
property that describes based on its ability to change into new matter that has different properties chemical property
any use of the senses to gather information observation
possible explanation or answer to a question hypothesis
any peices of information acquired through experimentation data
physical forms in which a substance exist states of matter
the state of matter that has a definite shape and volume solid
the state of matter that has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container liquid
a force that acts on the particles at the surface of a liquid surface tension
a liquid's resistance to flow viscostity
the state of matter with no definite shape or volume gas
measure of how fast the particles in an onject are moving temperature
amount of space that an object takes up volume
amount of force exerted on a given area of surface pressure
states that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of the gas is inversley related to the pressure boyle's law
states that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of the gas changes in the same way that the temperature does charles's law
the change of a substance from one physical state to another change of state
the change of state from a solid to a liquid melting
the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas evaporation
the change of a liquid to a vapor throughout the liquid boiling
change of state from a gas to a liquid condensation
pure substance that cannot be separted into a simpler substance by a physical or chemical change element
a substance in which there is only one type of particle pure substance
an element that is shiny that conducts heat and electricity well metal
an element that conducts heat and electricity poorly and appears dull nonmetal
an element that has properties of both metals and nonmetals metalloid
pure substance composed of two or more elements that are chemically combined compound
a combonation of two or more substances that are not chemically combined mixture
mixture that appears to be a single substance solution
the substance that is dissolved in a solution solute
the substance in which the solute has dissolved solvent
the amount of a particluar substance in a given quantity or a mixtute, solution or ore concentration
the ablility of one substance to dissolve in another ar a given temperature and pressure soluability
a mixture in which particles of a material are more or less evenly dispersed throughout the liquid or gas suspension
a mixture consisting of tiny particles that are intermediate in size between those solutions and those in suspensions and that are suspended in a liquid, solid, or gas colloid
is malleablity an example of a physical or chemical property? physical property
does a change in state indicate a chemical change? no
is density unique to each substance? yes
the particles in a solid--- in place vibrate
what kind of solids have repeating patterns of rows? crystalline
will a liter of gasoline boil at the same temperature as a mililiter of gasoline? yes
the particles of a --- solid have a three dimensional pattern crystalline
Created by: kfran0112