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Flashcards for 4.1 quiz

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Acidic   A solution whose PH is less than 7.  
Alloy   A metallic solution or a mixture of two or more metals  
Anhydrous   A compound from which the water has been removed.  
Anion   A negatively charged ion.  
Arrhenius acid   Substance that produces hydrogen ions when dissolved in water.  
Arrhenius base   Substance that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.  
Aqueous   A solution where water is the solvent  
Aqueous salt   The product in a neutralization reaction in which the salt is disassociated in water  
Basic   A solution whose pH is greater than 7.  
Binary Molecular Compound   A substance composed of only two different elements.  
Bond   An attractive force between two or more atoms or molecules that holds them together in a compound or in solution.  
Brønsted-Lowry acid   A proton donor.  
Brønsted-Lowry base   A proton acceptor.  
Cation   A positively charged ion.  
Compound   A form of matter containing two or more elements  
Dissociate   To separate a compound into its ions in water.  
Electrically Neutral   Having no positive or negative charge  
Empirical Formula   A chemical formula that shows the relative number of each type of atom in a molecule  
Hydrate   A compound in which a specific number of water molecules is associated with each formula unit.  
Molecule   A group of at least two covalently bonded atoms.  
Molecular Compound   A compound made up of molecules.  
Molecular Formula   A representation of a compound which shows the absolute number of atoms of each element in a molecule.  
Monatomic Ion   An ion formed from a single atom.  
Neutral   A solution whose pH equals 7.  
Neutralization Reaction   A reaction in which an acid and a base react to form water and a salt.  
pH Scale   A scale that indicates the acidity of a solution; it is based on the concentration of hydrogen ions.  
Polyatomic Ion An ion composed of two or more atoms   covalently bonded together  
Product   Material produced during a chemical reaction  
Reactant   One of the starting materials in a chemical reaction.  
Salt   An ionic compound composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions.  
Strong Electrolytes   Substance that dissociates completely into its ions when added to water and conducts electricity well.  


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Created by: Mrs. Pettis