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Solids, liquids & Gases

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Kinetic-Molecular Theory   explains the behavior of gases, liquids and solids; can be explained by the process of condensation... biggest difference between gases and liquids is the distance between the particles  
Gases and Liquid   the two phases that can change positions with other particles  
Inter-molecular Forces   a force between particles are stronger in gases than in solids  
Vaporization   the process by which a liquid changes to a gas and the process by which a solid changes to a gas  
Evaporation   The process by which particles escape from the surface of a non boiling liquid and enter the gas state  
High Kinetic Energy   causes particles in a liquid to escape into a gas state  
A Solid   what forms when the average energy of a substance's particles decreases  
Triple Point   the point of a substance is the temperature and pressure conditions at which states of coexist at equilibrium  
Sublimation   the process of a substance changing from a solid to a vapor without passing through the liquid stage  
Fluidity   substance can flow and thus take the shape of the container  
Freezing   when kinetic energy drops too low, transitional motion is decreased and an orderly arrangement without flow occurs  
Molecular Covalent   common gases and liquids are all covalent  
Network Covalent   are all non metals, bonded infinitely in all direction, making one giant molecule  
Ionic   are made of metal cation and nonmetal anions in crystal arrangement; very strong bonds  
Metallic   are just metal ions with a sea of electrons flowing around them, often just one pure metal  
Critical Temperature   the highest temperature at which it is possible for the substance to exist, as a liquid  
Critical Pressure   the lowest amount of pressure you must apply to liquefy it at that temperature well below STP, it is referred to as "permanent gas"  
Iondon Dispirtion   found in all molecules, weakest temporary induced dipoles,  
Dipole Dipoles   stronger, between pos and neg ends of adjacent molecules, raises the boiling and melting point  


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Created by: swingren