Chemistry Vocab List
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A chart of the chemical elements, arranged by grouping elements with similar properties.
Substances that may undergo a chemical change in an experiment.
A reaction that creates a new substance. Evidence by color change, making heat,gas,or a solid
When a substance changes size, shape or phase but is STILL the original substance.
Anything that contains mass or takes up space.
A pure substance composed of 2 or more elements.
A tool used to categorize substances by asking questions that only have 2 choices.
The phase of matter that has a definite shape and volume.
Characteristics of a substance that can be tested and/or observed.
The curvature in a liquid noticed inside a graduated cylinder. We use the bottom of it to measure accurately.
A new solid that is formed in a chemical reaction.
A very small piece of matter, such as an atom.
One of a group of substances that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means.
Conservation Of Mass
Rule that states that in a closed system, even after physical and chemical changes occur, the total amount of the substances you started with equals the total amount of the substances you end with.
An experimental set-up in which mass or energy can be lost or gained from its surrounding environment.
When reactions take place without the influence of outside factors. Nothing is lost or gained.
The phase of matter where the atoms take the shape of its container.
A substance with a pH less than 7, has a sour taste and keeps or turn litmus paper pink.
The phase of matter where the atoms fill the shape and volume of its container.
A substance with a pH greater than 7, feels slippery, tastes bitter, and keeps or turns litmus paper blue.
Capable of being dissolved or liquified.
Smallest part of any substance that contains protons, electrons, and neutrons.
Temperature at which a substance changes solid to liquid. For water its 0 Celsius.
AN indicator tool, made of paper, that changes color in the presence of an acid or a base.
Temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas. For water its 100 Celsius.
Term used for a substances whose pH is 7, water is an example.
A combination of substances that can be separated by physical means.
A way of expressing how acidic or basic a substances is on a scale from 1-14.
Any single type of matter that cannot be separated by physical means.
This color on litmus paper indicates a base.
Temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a solid. For water its 0 Celsius.
This color on litmus paper indicates an acid.
A long molecule made of a paper chain of smaller, more simpler molecules.
A chemical reaction which releases heat.