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Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Ch 2 The Body as a Whole

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Catabolism   The process by which food is burned to release energy (-ism = process, cata- = down, bol/o = to cast, throw)  
endoplasmic reticulum   part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs  
metabolism   the sum of the chemical processes in a cell  
karyotype   picture of nuclear structures arranged in numerical order  
part of the cell where catabolism primarily occurs   mitochondria (engines of the)  
allows materials to pass into andout of the cell   cell membrane  
genes are composed of ... ?   DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)  
diaphragm   muscular wall separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities  
mediastinum   the space in the chest - between - the lungs  
adipose means pertaining to   Fat  
pharynx   throat  
sarcoma   MALIGNANT tumor of flesh tissue (-oma = tumor, sarc/o = flesh)  
craniotomy   incision of the skull (-tomy = incision, crani/o = skull, cranium)  
a Histologist studies   tissues (-logist = specialized study, hist/o = tissues)  
an epithelial cell is a(an)...?   skin cell - also lines organs  
the pleural cavity is the   space between the membranes around the lungs  
viscera   YOUR GUTS!! Internal organs  
the pituitary gland is in which body cavity?   cranial (base of skull)  
structure in the trachea   larynx (voice box)  
the tailbone is the   coccyx  
supine means   Laying on the BACK  
the upper lateral regions of the abdomen, beneath the ribs, are the:   Hypochondriac regions  
adipose tissue   fat fat fatty fat fats  
pharynx   throat  
ureter   tube from the kidney to the urinary bladder  
cartilage   flexible connective tissue at the joints  
pleura   membrane surrounding the lungs  
urethra   tube from the urinary bladder to outside of body  
larynx   voice box  
trachea   windpipe  
distal   furthest from the point of attachment to the body (example: the distal end of the thigh bone (femur) joins with the knee cap)  
lateral   alongside, same level. (example: the left lung lies lateral to the heart)  
sagittal   lengthwise vertical plane divides body into left and right halves. (example: The sagittal plane divides the body into right and left portions)  
transverse   Upper and Lower (example: the transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower portions)  
inferior (caudal)   below another structure (example: the diaphragm lies inferior to the organs in the thoracic cavity)  
proximal   nearest the point of attachment to the trunk (example: the proximal end of the humerus is at the shoulder)  
superior   above another structure (example: the liver lies superior to the intestines )  
vertebra   backbone (plural; vertebrae)  


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