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Study Guide Ch 2

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Ch 2 The Body as a Whole

Catabolism The process by which food is burned to release energy (-ism = process, cata- = down, bol/o = to cast, throw)
endoplasmic reticulum part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs
metabolism the sum of the chemical processes in a cell
karyotype picture of nuclear structures arranged in numerical order
part of the cell where catabolism primarily occurs mitochondria (engines of the)
allows materials to pass into andout of the cell cell membrane
genes are composed of ... ? DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
diaphragm muscular wall separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
mediastinum the space in the chest - between - the lungs
adipose means pertaining to Fat
pharynx throat
sarcoma MALIGNANT tumor of flesh tissue (-oma = tumor, sarc/o = flesh)
craniotomy incision of the skull (-tomy = incision, crani/o = skull, cranium)
a Histologist studies tissues (-logist = specialized study, hist/o = tissues)
an epithelial cell is a(an)...? skin cell - also lines organs
the pleural cavity is the space between the membranes around the lungs
viscera YOUR GUTS!! Internal organs
the pituitary gland is in which body cavity? cranial (base of skull)
structure in the trachea larynx (voice box)
the tailbone is the coccyx
supine means Laying on the BACK
the upper lateral regions of the abdomen, beneath the ribs, are the: Hypochondriac regions
adipose tissue fat fat fatty fat fats
pharynx throat
ureter tube from the kidney to the urinary bladder
cartilage flexible connective tissue at the joints
pleura membrane surrounding the lungs
urethra tube from the urinary bladder to outside of body
larynx voice box
trachea windpipe
distal furthest from the point of attachment to the body (example: the distal end of the thigh bone (femur) joins with the knee cap)
lateral alongside, same level. (example: the left lung lies lateral to the heart)
sagittal lengthwise vertical plane divides body into left and right halves. (example: The sagittal plane divides the body into right and left portions)
transverse Upper and Lower (example: the transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower portions)
inferior (caudal) below another structure (example: the diaphragm lies inferior to the organs in the thoracic cavity)
proximal nearest the point of attachment to the trunk (example: the proximal end of the humerus is at the shoulder)
superior above another structure (example: the liver lies superior to the intestines )
vertebra backbone (plural; vertebrae)
Created by: penguin