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carboxylic acid

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gen formula for carboxylic acid   R-C=O \OH  
naming carboxylic acid   C1 is the carbonyl and suffix oic acid  
name cyclic carboxylic acid   cycloalkane carboxylic acid  
name dicarboxylic acid   "dioic acid"  
carboxylic acids have ___ bp than alcohols   higher  
elctron withdrawing grps like Cl and NO2 adjacent to carbonyl will________   increase acidity  
dicarboxylic acids are ____ than monocarboxylic acids   more acidic  
dicarboxyllic acids _____ have the highest acidity   alpha hydrogens the 2H attach to C between the carbonyl  
_____ are the most oxidized   carboxylic acids  
alcohol + kMnO4   double bond O added to form carboxylic acid R-C=O \OH  
CO2 + grignard reagent (tertiary RMgX alkylhalide)   carboxylic acid replace MgX with COOH  
nitriles (C triple N)will displace _______ in SN2   prim and sec halides  
under acidic rxn nitriles + tert alkyl halide   replace N with OH and form C=O  
in miscelles polar heads face _____ and non polar tails face ______   outwards; inward  
carboxylic acid + LAH   loses OH and adds H to the =O forming OH - alcohol  
carboxylic acid + alcohol   remove H from OH to connect the R from alcohol form ester  
carboxylic acid + acyl halide (SOCl2)   replace OH with Cl - acid chloride  


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Created by: smuttz on 2011-10-17

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