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Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)   is the most important biological molecule that provides chemical energy  
Cellular Respiration   is the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down to release energy for use by the cell.  
Energy   the ability to do work  
Metabolism   are all of the reactions in a cell  
Photosynthesis   is the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the Sun is converted to chemical energy for use but the cell.  
Thermodynamics   is the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe  
Calvin Cycle   the second phase of photosynthesis in which energy is stored in organic molecules such as glucose.  
Granum   stacks formed by the thylakoids  
NADP+   the electron carrier that forms the energy-storage molecule NADPH  
Pigment   light absorbing colored molecules found in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts.  
Rubisco   an enzyme that converts the remaining ten G3P molecules into 5-carbon molecules called ribulose  
Stroma   the fluid -filled space that is outside the grana.  
Thylakoid   flattened saclike membranes that are arranged in stacks.  
Aerobic   metabolic processes require oxygen  
Aerobic Respiration   includes the Krebs cycle and electron transport and is an aerobic process  
Anaerobic Process   do not require oxygen  
Fermentation   occurs in the cytoplasm and regenerates the cell's supply of NAD+ while producing a small amount of ATP  
Glycolysis   the process by which glucose is broken down in the cytoplasm  
Krebs Cycle   is the series of reactions in which pyruvate is broken down into carbon dioxide  


   





 
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Created by: ty1595 on 2011-05-02



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