Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads

Tests with positive findings

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Test Name
Adam's test   + Rib hump indicating structural scoliosis  
Adson's   + decrease/ loss in pulse which indicates neurovascular compression (TOS, cervical rib, Ant. scalene Syndrome)  
Allen's   + >15 seconds indicates distal artery disease (scleroderma, thrombangitis obliterams, Raynaud's, vasospastic conditions)  
Allis'   + one knee higher that other indicates possible leg length inequality  
Ankle Clonus   + Multiple beat clonus strongly suggests UMN lesion of SC or brain  
Anvil Test   + hip pain indicates hip pathology such as DJD, arthritis, Fx or others  
Bakody Sign   + raised arm above head reduces pain and relieves tension on the NRs, SNs, and brachial plexus indicating a cervical radiculopathy  
Bechterew's   + leg pain that electrical or shooting indicating radiculopathy  
Beevor's   + umbilical deviation as a result of muscle weakness or paralysis indicating lower thoracic nerve root compression or neurological demyelination  
Belt Test   + pain w/ and w/o stabilization indicates pain is lumbar in origin; + pain w/o stabilization, but no pain w/ stablization indicates pain is of pelvic/SI origin  
Bonnet's Test   + pain upon stretching the piriformis indicates sciatica or local piriformis damage  
Bowstring Test   + electrical/shooting leg pain indicating radiculopathy  
Bracelet Test   + pain upon pressure indicates wrist pathology (RA, fracture, sprain)  
Brachial Stretch Test   + symptom reproduction indicates tension problem with the brachial plexus  
Braggard's Test   + electrical/shooting leg pain indicating nerve root tension or compressive radiculopathy  
Brudzinski's   + knee flexion indicates meningeal irritation or inflammation such as meningitis, arahnoiditis, subarchnoid fibrosis, sciatic radiculopathy)  
Bunnel-Littler Test   + lack of joint movement indicates an inflammatory process in the fingers (OA, RA)  
Cervical Compression   + arm pain indicates nerve root compression or pain referral; + neck pain indciates joint and ligament strain  
Cervical Distraction   + decrease in peripheral pain as a result of decrease pressure on NRs indicates IVF encroachment and/or radiculopathy; + increase in pain indicates joint capsule sprain  
Codman's Arm Drop   + pain indicates rotator cuff tear  
Dejeurine's Triad   + leg pain indicates nerve root lesion; + local pain indicates sprain/strain  
DeKleyn's   + vertigo, blurred vision, nausea, snycope, nystagmus indicates Vert. A. ischemia on ipsi side of lesion  
Doorbell Sign   + Arm pain indicates nerve root tesion/radiculopathy; + local pain indicates cervical sprain/strain  
Eden's   + diminished pulse indicates costoclavicular TOS; + arm pain, numbness, tingling indicates TOS of neurological nature  
Ely's   + decreased motion indicates rectus femoris or hip flexion contracture  
Fabere's Test   + hip pain indicates a hip pathology  
Femoral Nerve Stretch Test   + pain/neuro Sxs to ant thigh indicates femoral nerve tension; + SI pain indicates SI sprain/strain (see Yeoman's)  
Gaenslen's   + SI pain or pain down the extended thigh indicates SI lesion such as Ant SI ligament sprain or SI inflammation  
Goldthwaite's Test   + pain before lumbar motion indicates SI lesion; + pain after lumbar motion indicates lumbar lesion  
Halstead Maneuver   + reproduction of S/Sxs such as paresthesias indicate neurovascular compression (TOS, cervical rib, Anterior Scalene Syndrome)  
Heel to Shin Test   + failure to perform or abnormal moverments indicates cerebellar dysfunction  
Heel Walk   + loss of dorsiflexion indicates LMN lesion of L4 or L5 NRs; if isolated great toe extention is weak consider L5 level  
Hibb's Test   + SI pain indicates SI lesion; + Hip pain indicates hip lesion/sprain; + radiating pain down the back of the leg indicates piriformis entrapment of sciatic nerve  
Hip Circumduction   + hip pain indicated hip lesion such as arthritis, inflammation or sprain  
Hoffman's   + clawing or gripping of thumb and fingers indicates UMN lesion (cervical spondylosis, MS, SC compression)  
Kemp's   + LBP with leg pain indicates radiculopathy; + local back pain indicates a local lesion which could possbily be a sp/st, facet syndrome, or meniscoid entrapment  
Kernig's   + leg pain indicates radiculopathy; + increase resistance indicates tight hamstrings  
Laguerre's Sign   + SI pain indicates SI pathology; + Hip pain indicates a hip lesion such as arthritis, inflammation, or sprain  
Lewin Standing Test   + pain w/ knee snapping back into extention indicates hamstring spasm or NR tension **perform after Neri Bowing Sign is seen**  
Lewin Supine Test   + inability to perform a situp due to local or radiating pain indicates lumbar arthritis, spondylolithesis, sciatica, or possibly disc herniation  
Lewin-Gaenslen Test   + SI pain indicates SI lesions (sp/st, inflammation)  
Lhermitte's Sign   + sharp, shooting pain down the spine indicates possible cord tumor, post column disease, meningeal adhesions or MS  
Lindner's Sign   + pain at the lesion level and radicular symptoms indicates NR compression  
Milgram's Test   + pain indicates SOL possibly a disc herniation  
Minor's Sign   + pt using hands to walk up the legs indicates lumbosacral pathology such as SI/lumbar sp/st, Fxs, disc synd, muscular dystrophy, or sciatica  
Nachlas' Test   + local pain indicates SI/lumbar ligament sprain; + radiating pain indicates femoral nerve pathology  
Neri Bowing Sign   + knee flexion with trunk flexion indicates NR tension or SI/lumbar sp/st **perform Lewin Standing Test upon seeing Neri Bowing Sign  
Ober's Test   + hip pain indicates hip pathology; + trocanteric pain indicates trocanteric bursitis  
Patrick's Test   + hip pain indicates hip pathology  
Romberg's Test   + swaying/poor balance indicates post column lesion  
Roo's Test   + inability to maintain, numbness, tingling, or weakness indicates TOS  
Rust Sign   + pt supporting neck suggests possible upper cervical fx, RA, or severe sp/st.  
Shoulder Depression Test   + arm pain suggests radiculopathy; + local pain suggests cervical pathology (sp/st)  
SI compression   + pain suggests sp/st, SI lesion or Fx  
SI Distraction   + pain indicates SI sp/st or Fx  
SLR   + radicular pain suggests NR tension; + local pain suggest extradural involvement @ 0-35 degress, disc involvement @ 35-70 degrees, Lumbar jt pain @ 70-90 degrees  
Soto-Hall Test   + radicular pain indicates NR tension; + local pain indicates cervical sp/st  
Swivel Chair Test   + Vertigo indicates problem is cervical in origin  
Tandem Gait   + inability to perform indicates cerebellar lesion or influence of alcohol  
Thomas Test   + elevation of straight leg indicates hip contracture or iliopsoas tightness  
Trendelenberg Test   + pelvic lateral tilting indicates weak abductor muscles, esp glut med (conditioning or neurological deficit)  
Valsalva Maneuver   + Increase in Sxs indicate radicular syndrome (disc bulge or herniation)  
Wright's Test   + reproduction of Sxs such as numbness, tingleness, or weakness indicates TOS  
Yeoman's Test   + SI pain indicates SI sp/st; + pain/neurologic Sxs into anterior thigh suggests femoral nerve tension  
Thumb Abduction Stress Test   + pain over the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb indicates sprain due to hyperabduction, hyperextension injury; + empty endfeel &/or excessive motion indicates severe sprain joint instability, Stener lesion  
Thumb Grinding Test   +pain/crepitis indicates trapeziometacarpal arthritis  
Wrist Drop Test   + inability to hold hand in extended position indicates wrist extensor weakness, paralysis due to radial neuropathy  
Finkelstein Test   + pain indicates De-Quervain's or Hoffman's dis/tenosynovitis; "Squeaking/crepitis" indicates intersection syndrome (tendonitis ofthe extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis)  
Froment's Test   + inability to perform indicates paralysis of palmar interossei due to ulnar neuropathy; + weakness may indicate subtle ulnar palsy  
Opposition Test   + weakness indicates median neuropathy involving opponens pollicis  
Pinch Test   +inability to maintain/weak pinch grip indicates weakness of flexor pollicis longus (anterior interosseous neuropathy- deep branch of the median nerve)  
Phalen's Test   + numbness distribution of the median nerve, increased anterior pain and subsequent weakness of thumb opposition indicates carpal tunnel syndrome  
Prayer Test   + numbness distribution of the median nerve, increased anterior pain and subsequent weakness of thumb opposition indicates carpal tunnel syndrome  
Cozen's Test   + pain/weakness indicates lateral epicondylitis  
Mill's Test   + lateal elbow pain during test indicates lateral epicondylitis; + restricted ROM indicates arthritis, capsular adhesions tothe overlying common tendon, or tendon contracture  
Sulcus Sign   + abnormal prominence of acromion & groove-like depression below acromion indicates inferior instability (or multi-directional instability), glenohumeral dislocation, atrophy of deltoideus  
Step-off, Step Defect/Deformity   + prominence of distal clavicle in relation to acromion indicates AC separation  
Scapular Winging   + flaring of scapula/indicates paresis/paralysis of serratus anterior; + subtle posterolateral winging indicates pareiss/paralysis of trapezius due to spinal accessory lesion  
Shoulder hiking   + elevation of ipsilateral shoulder girdle & lateral flexion of trunk to opposite side to compensate for inadequate GH mobility or weakness indicates frozen shoulder, cuff tears, and advanced osteoarthritis; + subtle hiking could prove to be a muscle imb  
Sulcus Test   + increased motion indicates dislocation, excessive inferior translation, accentuation of the sulcus sign, inferior or multidirectional instability  
Dugas Test   + inability to complete test indicates anterior GH dislocation  
Apley's Superior Scratch Test   + pain indicative of impingement, rotator cuff pathology, AC arthritis, labral pathology, GH arthritis, subacromial bursitis or GH capsular pathology; + inability to complete maneuver indicates capsular contracture &/or internal GH rotator tightness  
Apley's Inferior Scratch Test   + inability to complete maneuver indicates external GH rotator tightness or pathology, labral pathology, or capsular contracture  
Codman's Drop Test   + pain/weakness indicates "painful arc syndrome" (bursitis, rotator cuff strain, tendonitis or impingement); + patient unable to maintain 90 degrees abducted position against gravity (less than +3/5 muscle strength) indicates severe injury (grade 3 cuff  
Anterior Apprehension Test   + excessive anterior translation, dislocation or evidence of patient apprehension indicates anterior instability (inferior glenohumeral ligament laxity)  
Faegin's Test   + clunk/excessive inferior translation indicates inferior or multidirectional instability  
Yergason's Test   + pain &/or weakness indicates biceps strain/tendonitis; + snap or pop indicates subluxating biceps (long head) tendon  
Hawkins-Kennedy Test   + sharp anterolateral pain indicating supraspinatus impingement  
Impingement Sign   + pain during active flexion indicating shoulder impingement syndrome; + pain in internal rotation indicates supraspinatus impingement; + pain in external rotation indicates biceps long head impingement  
Hyperextension Test   + pain in shoulder indicates biceps tendinitis  
Speed's Test   + pain indicates bicipital tendonitis, may produce pain with SLAP lesion  
Empty Can Test   + pain/weakness indicates injury/lesion of supraspinatus  
Crank Test   + shoulder pain and crepitus (grinding or popping0 indicating a labral tear  
Clunk Test   + pain with associated clunk or grinding indicates labral tear, may also produce apprehension if shoulder is unstable  
O'Brien's Test   + GH pain and crepitus & reduced or eliminated during the 2nd part indicates a labral tear; + Anterior shoulder pain increased with palm up indicates biceps tendonitis  


Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how
Created by: soccerdocpj