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terms, people, places for Reconstruction

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Term
Definition
Radical Republicans   Group of legislators in Congress who wanted to break the political power of former slaveholders; also wanted former slaves to be given full citizenship and the right to vote  
Thaddeus Stevens   Along with Charles Sumner, the leader of the Radical Republicans  
Wade-Davis Bill   a bill that proposed that Congress, not the president, should be responsible for Reconstruction  
Freedmen's Bureau   Government agency that assisted former slaves and poor whites in the South by distributing food and clothes and building schools  
Black Codes   discriminatory laws designed to severely restrict African Americans' activities  
14th Amendment   made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the U.S.  
impeach   to formally charge the President with misconduct in office  
15th Amendment   said no one can be kept from voting because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"  
scalawag   white Southerners who joined the Republican Party  
carpetbaggers   Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War  
Hiram Revels   the first African-American senator  
sharecropping   when a landowner divides land and gives a worker a few acres to work, along with seed and tools. At harvest time, each worker gives the landowner a share of his crop.  
tenant farming   when someone rents land for cash from an owner and keeps all the harvest  
Ku Klux Klan   organization, the goal of which was to restore white supremacy. Did so by intimidation and violence  
Panic of 1873   Economic downturn that served to turn popular attention away from Reconstruction, especially in the North  
Redemption   the phrase Democrats used to describe their return to power in the South  
Rutherford Hayes   the person who was appointed president by Congress in exchange for removing Federal troops from the South  
Samuel Tilden   the person who won the popular vote in the 1876 election  
Compromise of 1877   the political deal that got Hayes elected and ended Reconstruction in the South  
home rule   the ability to run state governments without federal intervention  


   





 
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Created by: willsong on 2013-02-19



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