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Tcc schoffm exam 1

medical terminolgy ch 1 to 4

-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
ine pertaining to
-ive pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-ation a process; being or having
-ion action; condition
-lysis process of breaking down or destroying
-ia condition; state, thing
-ism process; disease from a specific cause
-itis inflammation of; infection of
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor; mass
-osis condition; abnormal condition; process
-pathy disease; suffering
-ectomy surgical excision
-gram a record or picture
-graphy process of recording
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument used to examine
-scopy process of using an instrument to examine
-stomy surgically created opening
-therapy treatment
-tomy process of cutting or making an incision
-iatry medical treatment
-ist one who specializes in
-logy the study of
endo- innermost; within
epi- upon; around
inter- between
intra- within
peri- around
post- after; behind
pre- before; in front of
sub- below; underneath; less then
trans- across; through
bi- two
brady- slow
hemi- one half
hyper- above; more than normal
hypo- below; deficient
mono- one; single
poly- many; much
quadri- four
tachy- fast
tri- three
a- away from; without
an- without; not
anti- against
de- reversal of; without
dys- painful; difficult; abnormal
eu- normal; good
nal bad; inadequate
re- again and again
CC chief complaint
CPR computerized patient record
DS discharge summary
Dx diagnosis
EHR electronic health record
EMR electronic medical record
EPR electronic patient record
FH family history
H&P history and physical examination
HIPAA health insurance portability and accountability act
HPI history of present illness
PE physical exmination
PMH past medical history
ROS review of systems
SH social history
Anatomical ana- apart from; excessive tom/o- cut; slice; layer -ical pertaining to
Plane is an imaginary flat surface that divides the body into two parts
coronal coron/o- structure that encircles like a crown -al pertaining to
frontal front/o-front -al pertaining
anterior anter/o- before; front part -ior pertaining to
ventral ventr/o- front; abdoment -al pertaining to
posterior poster/o- back part -ior pertaining to
dorsal dors/o- back; dorsum -al pertaining to
prone laying face down
supine laying on the back; face up
anteroposterior anter/o- before; front part poster/o- back part -ior pertaining to
posteroanterior poster/o- back part anter/o-before; front part -ior pertaining to
sagittal sagitt/o-going from front to back -al pertaining to
medial medi/o- middle -al pertaining to
lateral later/o- side al- pertaining to
transverse trans- across; through -verse to travel; to turn
superior super/o-above -ior pertaining to
inferior infer/o- below -ior pertaining to
cephalad cephal/o head -ad toward; in the direction of
caudad caud/o- tail -ad toward; in the direction of
distal dist/o- away from the center or point of origin -al pertaining to
proximal proxim/o- near the center or point or origin -al pertaining to
external extern/o- outside -al pertaining to
internal intern/o- inside -al pertaining to
Body Cavities Cranial cavity, spinal cavity, thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, pelvic cavity
cavity cav/o- hollow space -ity state or condition
cranial spinal is withing the bony cranium. contains the brain, cranial nerves, and other structures
thoracic thorac/o- thorax -ic pertaining to
abdominal abdomin/o- abdoment -ic pertaining to
pelvic pelv/o- pelvis -ic pertaining to
abdominopelvic abdomin/o- abdomen pelv/o- pelvis -ic pertaining to
viscera viscer/o- large internal organs -al pertaining to
hypochondriac hypo- below; deficient chondro/o- cartilage -iac pertaining to
epigastric epi- upon' above gastr/o - stomach -ic pertaining to
lumbar lumb/o- lower back -ar pertaining to
umbilical umbilic/o- umbilicus; navel -al pertaining to
inguinal inguin/o- groin -al pertaining to
iliac ili/o- hip bone -ac pertaining to
hypogastric hypo- below; deficient gastri/o- stomach -ic pertaining to
cell the smallest independently functioning structure in the body that can reproduce itself by division
Microscopic Micr/o- one millionth; small scop/o- examine with an instrument -ic pertaining to
Microscope Micr/o- one millionth; small -scope instrument used to examine
tissue cells combine to form
organ tissues combine to form
macroscopic Macr/o- large scop/o- examine with an instrument -ic pertaining to
congenital congenit/o-present at birth -al pertaining to
degenerative de- reversal of; without gener/o- production; creation -ative pertaining to
environmental caused b the exposure to external substances ex smoke, allergies, skin cancer
hereditary heredit/o- genetic inheritance -ary pertaining to
iatrogenic idi/o- unknown; individual path/o- disease; suffering -ic pertaining to
infectious infect/o- disease within -ious pertaining to
pathogen path/o- disease; suffering -gen that which produces
communicable communic/o- impart; transmit -able abe to be
neoplastic ne/o- new plast/o- growth; formation -ic pertaining to
nosocomial nosocomi/o- hospitial -al pertaining to
nutritional nutri/o- nourishment -ion a process -al pertaining to
Onset of a disease is noticed because of symptoms or signs
symptom any deviation from health that is experienced or felt by the patient
symptomatology symptomat/o- collection of symptoms -logy study of
syndrome syn-together -drome a running
asymptomatic a- away; without symptomat/o- collection of symptoms -ic pertaining to
inspection inspecti/o- looking at -ion action; condition
palpation palpat/o- touching or feeling -ion action; condition
auscultation auscult/o- listening -ation a process; being or having
percussion percuss/o- tapping -ion action
disease the course of a disease includes all events from the onset
acute sudden in nature and sever in intensity
subacute less sever in intensity
chronic chron/o-time -ic pertaining to
exacerbation ecacerb/o- increase; provoke -ation a process; being or having
remission remiss/o- send back -ion action; condition
sequela abnormal condition or complication that arises because of the original disease and remains after the original disease has resolved
therapeutic therapeut/o- therapy; treatment -ic pertaining to
refractory re- again fract/o- to break up -ory having the function of
surgery surg/o- operative procedure -ery process of
prognosis pro- before gnos/o- knowledge -osis condition; ambnormal
recuperation recuper/o- recover -ation a process; being
disability a permanent loss of the ability to perform certain activities
terminal termin/o- end; boundry -al pertaining to
anorexia an- without orex/o- appetite -ia condition; state; thing
dysphagia dys- painful sphag/o- swallowing; eating -ia condition; state; thing
polyphagia poly- many phag/o- eating swallowing -ia condition; state; thing
cheilitis cheil/o- lip -itis inflamation
sialolithiasis sial/o- saliva; salivary gland lith/o- stone -iasis state of; process of
stomatitis stomat/o- stomach -titis inflammation
dyspepsia dys- painful; difficult; abnormal pep/o- digestion -ia condition; state; thing
gastritis gastr/o- stomach -itis inflammation
gastroenteritis gastr/o- stomach enter/o- intestines -itis inflammation
gaastoesophageal reflux disease (GERD) chronic inflammation and irritation due to reflux of stomach acid back into the esophagus
heartburn temporary inflammation of the esophagus due to reflux of stomach acid
nausea an unpleasant, queasy felling in the stomach that recedes the urge to vomit
emesis vomiting - the expelling to food from the stomach through the mouth
vomitus vomit - the expelled food or chyme
regurgiation regurgitat/o- flow backward -ion action; condition
hyperemesis hyper- above; more than nomal emesis- condition of vomiting
peptic ulcer disease(PUD) chronic irritation, buring pain, and erosion of the mucosa to form an ulcer.
stomach cancer cancerous tumor of the stomach
adenocarcinoma aden/o- gland carcin/o- cancer -oma tumor; mass
ileus abnormal absence or peristalis in the small and large intestines
intussusceptions intussuscp/o- to receive within -tion a process; being or having
volvulus twisting of the intestine around itself because of structural abnormality of the mesentery.
appendicitis appendic/o- appendis -itis inflamation
colic col/o- colon -ic pertaining to
colon cancer cancerous tumor of the colon
divericulum weakness in the wall of the colon where the mucosa forms a pouch or tube.
diverticula more then one divericulum
diverticulosis diverticul/o- diverticulum -osis condition; abnormal condition; rocess
diverticulitis diverticul/o- diverticulum -itis inflamation
dysentery dys- difficult; painful; abnormal -entery condition of the intestine
gluten enteropathy an autoimmune disorder and toxic reaction to the gluten found in certain grains
celiac celi/o- abdomen -ac pertaining to
inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) disorder of the function of the colon, although eh mucosa of the colon never shows and visible signs of inflammation
Crohn or regional enteritis affect the ilum and colon
enteritis enter/o- intestine -itis inflamation
ulcerative ulcerat/o- ulcer -ive pertaining to
colitis col/o- colon -itis inflammation
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) chronic inflammation of various parts of the small and large intestines
polyp small fleshy, benign or precancerous growth in the mucosa of the colon
hemmorrhoids hemorrh/o- a flowing of blood -oid resembling
proctitis proct/o- rectum -itis inflammation of
rectocele rect/o- rectum -cele hernia
constipation constip/o- compacted feces -ation a process; being or having
diarrhea dia- complete; completely through -rrhea flow; discharge
flatulence flatul/o flatus (gas) -ence state of
hematochezia hemat/o- blood chez/o- to pass feces -ia condition; state; thing
incontinence in- in; withing; not contin/o- hold together -ence state of
steatorrhea steat/o- fat -rrhea flow; discharge
adhesions adhes/o- to stick to -ion action; condition
hernia weakness in the muscle or the diaphragm or abdominal wall
hiatal hiat/o- gap; opening -al pertaining to
incisional incis/o- to cut into -ion action; condition -al pertaining to
peritonitis periton/o- peritoneum -itis inflammation
ascites Accumulation of ascitic fluid in he abdominopelvic cavity.
cirrhosis cirrh/o- yellow -osis condition; abnormal condition; process
hepatitis hepat/o- liver -itis inflamation
hepatomegaly hepat/o- liver -megaly enlargement
jaundice jaund/o- yellow -ice state; quality
liver cancer cancerous tumor of the liver
hepatoma hepat/o- liver -oma mass tumor
cholangitis chalangi/o- bile duct -itis inflamation
choecystitis choecyst/o- gallbladder -itis inflamation
cholelithiasis chol/e- bile; gall lith/o- stone -iasis state of procss of
pancreatic cancer cancerous tumor of the pancreas
adenocarcinoma aden/o- gland carcin/o- cancer -oma tumor mass
pancreatitis pancreato- pancreas -itis inflammation
barium enema Procedure that uses liquid radiopaque contrast medium (barium) instilled into the rectum and colon
cholangiography chalangi/o- bile duct -graphy process of recording
computerized axial tomography (CT or CAT scan) procedure that uses x-rays to crate images of abdominal organs and structures in many thin, successive slices
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure that uses a strong magnetic field to align protons in the atoms of the patient's body
Upper gastrointestinal series (UGI) Procedure that uses a liquid radiopaque contrast medium ( barium) that is swallowed
nasogastic tube nas/o- nose gastr/o= stomach -ic pertaining to
abdomoinocentesis abdomin/o- abdomen -centesis procedure to puncture
appendectomy append/o- small stucture hanging from a larger structure; appendix -ectomy surgical excision
biopsy bi/o- life -opsy process of viewing
bowel resection and anastomosis procedure to remove a section of diseased intestine and rejoin the intestine.
cholesystectomy cholecyst/o- gallbladder -ectomy surgical excision
colostomy col/o- colon -stomy surgically created opening
stoma the mouth of the colon that is rolled up and sutured to abdominal wall
endoscopy end/o- innermost; withing -scopy process of using and instrument to examine
esophagoscopy esophag/o- esophagus -scopy process of using an instrument to examine
gastroscopy gastr/o- stomach -scopy process of using an instrument to examine
esophagogastroduodenoscopy esophag/o- esophagus gastr/o- stomach duoden/o- duodenum -scopy process of using an instrument to examine
sigmoidoscopy sigmoid/o- sigmoid colon -scopy process of using an instrument to examine
colonoscopy colon/o- colon -scopy process of using an instrument to examine
laparotomy lapar/o- abdomen -tomy process of cutting of making an incision
gastrectomy gastr/o- stomach -ectomy surgical excision
gastreoplasty gastr/o- stomach -plasty process of reshaping by surgery
gastrostomy gastr/o- stomach -stomy surgically crated opening
Created by: sarah.teacher36