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History Unit 1 Vocab


culture a particular form or stage of civilization
aqueduct artificial channel for conducting water from a distance
tyrant any person in a position of authority who uses power unjustly or oppressively
alliance a merging or efforts ideas or interests by many different people or groups
empire a group of nations or people ruled over by an emperor or other powerful government
city-state a sovereign state consisting of an autonomous city with its dependencies
polytheism the belief of more than one god or in many gods
monotheism the belief that there is only one god
democracy government by the people; form of government where supreme power is vested in the people (free electoral system)
republic supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to cote and is exercised by representatives chosen by them
dictatorship a country, government, or for of government in which absolute power is exercised by a dictator or ruler
oligarchy form of government in which all power is vested in a few people or in a dominant class or clique
aristocracy a class of people holding exceptional rank and privileges, especially the hereditary nobility
democratic-republic a form of government embodying democratic principles and where monarch is not head of state
monarchy nation in which supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch; supreme power held by one single person
constitutional monarchy form of government where power of monarch is limited by a parliment buy law or custom
Mixed economy an economy in which there are elements of both public and private enterprise
market economy a capitalistic economic sustem where there is free competition and prices are determined by supply and demand.
command economy a socialist economic system where production and distribution of goods and services are controlled by the government and industry is mostly publicly owned
Hammurabi's code a long set of rules or laws chisled onto a collum of stone by King Hammurabi
civil law body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters
constitutional law
administrative law body of rules and principles that governs the duties and operations of federal or state administrative agencies, as commissions and boards.
archeology scientific study of material remains of past human life and activities
anthropology science of human beings; study of humans and ancestors through time and space and in relation to the environment and culture.
Fertile Crescent semicircle of fertile land stretching from south east coast of Mediterranean around Syrian desert north of Arabia to Persian Gulf
cuneiform having the shape of a wedge; composed or written in wedge shaped characters
hierarchy a ruling body of clergy organized in orders of ranks each subordate to the one above it; especially: the bishops of a province or nation
golden age a period of great happiness, prosperity, and achievement
traditional economy
Created by: Brhardy