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Chapter 1

abdomin/o abdomen
angi/o blood or lymph vessel
append/o appendix
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
col/o colon, large intestine
cyan/o blue
dermat/o skin
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach, belly
hem/o blood, relating to blood
hepat/o liver
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
nat/o birth
neur/o nerve, nerve tissue
ot/o ear, hearing
rhin/o nose
path/o disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
tonsil/o tonsil,throat
vir/o poison,virus
dys bad,difficult, or painful
hyper excessive, increased
hypo deficient, decreasedd
algia pain,painful condition
ectomy surgical removal, cutting out, excision
itis inflammation
osis abnormal condition, disease
ostomy surgically creating an opening
otomy cutting, surgical incision
plasty surgical repair
rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
rrhagia bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
rrhaphy surgical suturing
rrhea flow or discharge
rrhexis rupture
sclerosis abnormal hardening
abdominocentesis the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
acronym word formed from the initial letter of major parts of a compound term
acute severe course and a relatively short duration
angiography process of producing a radi graphic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
arteriosclerosis the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
arthraligia pain in a joint or joints
colostomy surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
cyanosis blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
dermatologist a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
diagnosis the identification of a disease
diarrhea the frequent flow of loose or watery stools
edema describes swelling caused by excessfluid in the body tissues
endarterial means pertaining to the interior orlining of an artery
eponym a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first
erythrocyte a mature red blood cell
fissure a groove or crack-like sore of the skin/normal folds in the contours of the brain
fistula abnormal passage, usually between two internalorgans, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
gastralgia stomach ache,pain in the stomach
gatritis inflammation of the stomach
gastroenteritis an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
gastrosis means any disease of the stomach
hemorrhage loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
hypertension higher than normal blood pressure
hypotension lower than normal blood pressure
infection invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism
inflammation a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues
interstitial means between, but not within, the parts of a tissue
intramuscular means within the muscle
laceration is a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
lesion is a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
mycosis describes any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
myelopathy describes any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
myopathy describes any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
myorrhexis is the rupture of a muscle
natal means pertaining to birth
neonatology is the study of disorders of the newborn
neuritis is inflammation of a nerve or nerves
otorhinolaryngology made up of 2 combining forms, a word root, and a suffix.(study of the ears, nose, & throat)
palpation is an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
palpitation is a pounding or racing heart
pathology is the study of all aspects of diseases
phalanges the bones of the fingers and toes
poliomyelitis is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord
prognosis is a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
prostate is a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
pyoderma is any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo
pyrosis also known as heartburn, is discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
remission is the temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
sign is objective evidence of disease such as a fever
supination is the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
symptom is subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache
syndrome is a set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils
trauma means wound or injury
triage is the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need & the proper place of treatment
viral means pertaining to a virus
Created by: frenzyennie