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Stack #98983

chapter 8chapter 8
mammary glands milk producing glands of the female
mammy papillaary breast nipple
areola pigmented area aroung the nipple
clitoris highly erogenous erectile body located anterior to the urethra
vulva or external genitals two pairs of lips (libia major and libia minora) that surround the vagina
perineum pelvic floor in both the male and female. In females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opening and the anus
arche/o first, beginning
cervic/o, trachel/o cervix
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o, vulv/o vulva
gynec/o, gyn/o woman
hymen/o hymen
hyster/o, metr/i, uter/o uterus
mamm/o, mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
oophor/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o fallopian tube (uterine tube)
peri- surrounding (outer)
-atresia absence of a normal body opening; occlusion; closure
-ial pertaining to
-salpinx fallopian tube
amenorrhea absence of menstrual discharge (menostasis)
bartholin adenitis inflammation of a bartholin gland
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
colpitis, vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual discharge
endocervicitis inflammation of the inner (lining) of the cevix
endometritis inflammation of the inner (lining) of the uterus (endometrium)
hematosalpinx blood in the fallopian tube
hydrosalpinx water in the fallopian tube
hysteratresia closure of the uterus (uterine cavity)
mastitis inflammation of the breast
menometrorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstruation (and between menstrual cycles)
metrorrhea excessive discharge from the uterus
myometritis inflammation of the uterine muscle (myometrium)
oophoritis inflammation of the ovary
perimetritis inflammation surrounding the uterus (perimetrium)
pyosalpinx pus in the fallopian tube
salpingitis inflammation of the fallopian tube
salpingocele hernia of the fallopian tube
vulvovaginitis inflammation of the vulva and vagina
adenomyosis growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus
breast cancer malignant tumor of the brealst
cervical cancer malignant tumor of the cervix
endometrial cancer malignant turmor of the endometrium also called uterine cancer
endometriosis abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows in carious areas in the pelvic cavity, including ovaries, fllopian tubes, intestinesm, and uterus
fibrocystic breast disease a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast
fibroid tumor benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle (also called mymoma of the uterus or leiomyoma)
ovarian cancer malignant tumor of the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (pid) inflammation of the pelvic organs
prolapsed uterus downward displacement of the vagina (also called hysteroptosis)
toxic shock syndrome (TSS) a severe illness characterized by high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea, and myalgia, followed by hypotention and, in severe cases, shock and death. Usually affects menstryating women using tampons. Caused by staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pyogene
vesicovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina
cervicectomy excision of the cervix
colpoperineorrhaphy suture of the vagina and perineum (performed to mend perineal vaginal tears)
colporrhaphy suture of the vagina
colpoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
episioperineoplasty surgical repair of the vulva and perineum
episiorrhaphy suture of (a tear in) the vulva
hymenectomy excision of the hymen
hymenotomy incision if the hymen
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
hysteropexy surgical fixation of the uterus
hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy excision of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
mammoplasty surgical repair of the breast (performed to enlarge or reduce in size, to lift, or to reconstruct after removal of a tumor)
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast
oophorectomy excision of an ovary
perineorrhaphy suture of (a tear in) the perineum
salpingectomy excision of a fallopian tube
salpingostomy creation of an artifical opening in a fallopian tube (performed to restore patency)
salpingo-oophorectomy excision of the fallopian tube and ovary
trachelorrhaphy suture of the cervix
vulvectomy excision of the vulva
anterior and posterior colporrhaphy (A&P repair) when a weakened vaginal wall result in a cystocele (protrusion of the bladder against the anterior wall of the vagina) and a rectocele (protrusion of the rectum against the posterior wall of the vagina), an A&P repair correct the condition
conization the surgical removal of a cone-shaped area of the cervix. used in the treatment for noninvasive cervical cancer
cryosurgery the destruction of tissue by using extreme cokd. used in the treatment of early staged of cervical cancer
dilation and curettage (D&C) dialation (widening) of the cervix and scraping of the endimetrium with an instrument called a curette,. it is performed to diagnose disease, to correct bleeding, and to empty uterine contents
endometrial ablation a procedure to destroy or remove the endometrium by use of laser thermal energy. used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding.
lapariscopy or laparoscopic surgery visual examination of the abdominal cavity, accomplished by inserting a laparoscope through a tiny incision near th the umbilicus, it is used for surgical procedures such as tubal sterilization (blocking of the fallopian tubes) to diagnose endometriosis
myomectomy excision of a fibroid tumor (myoma) from the uterus
sentinel lymph node biopsy injection of blue dye and or radioactive isotope is used to identify the sentinel lymph nodes, the first in the axillary chain and most likely to contain metastasis of breast cancer nodes are removed and microscopically removed if negative no more removed
stereotactic breast biopsy a technique that combines mammorgraphy and computer-assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast lesion
tubal ligation closure of the fallopian tubes for sterilization
hysterisalpingogram x-ray image of the uterus and fallopian tubes (after an injection of a caontrast agent)
mammogram x-ray image of the breast
mammography x-ray imaging of the breast
sonohysterography process of recording the uterus by use of sound (an ultrasound procedure)
colposcope instrument used for visual examinationof the vagina(and cervix)
colposcopy visual examination (with a maginified view) of the vagina (and cervix)
culdoscope instrument sued for visual examination fo Douglas cul-de-sac (rectouterine pouch)
culdoscopy visual examination of Douglas cul-de-sac
hysteroscope instrument used for visual examination of the uterus (uterine cavity)
hysteroscopy visual examination of the uterus (uterine cavity)
culdocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac
CA-125 (cancer antigen-125 tumer marker) a blood test used in the detection of obarioan cancer. It is also used to monitor treatment and to determine the extent of the disease.
pap smear a cytological study of cervical and vaginal sectretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or canerous cells. Most commonly used to detect cancer of the cervix (also called papanicolaou smear and pap test)
transvaginal sonography (TVS) an ultrasound procedure that uses a transducer placed in the vagina to abtain images of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and surrounding structures. Used to diagnose masses such as ovarian cysts or tumors, to monitor pregnancy,
gynecology (GYN) study of woman (a branch of medicine dealing with diseased of the female reprocuctive system)
gynopathic pertaining to desease of women
leukorrhea white discharge (from the vagina)
mastalgia pain in the breast
mastoptosis sagging breast
menarche beginning of menstruation (occurring between the ages of 11 and 16)
oligomenorrhea scanty menstrual flow
vaginal pertaining to the vagina
vulvovaginal pertaining to the vulva and vagina
dyspareunia difficult or painful intercourse
estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) replacement of hormones to treat menopause (also called hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
fisyla abnormalpassageway between two organ or between an internal organ and the body surface
menopause cessation of menstruationm, usually atound the ages of 48 to 53
premenstrual syndrome (PMS) a syndrome involving physical and emotional symptoms occurring in the 10 days before menstruation. Symptoms include nervous tension, irritability, mastalgia, edema, and headache. Its cause is not fully understood.
speculum instrument for opening a body caity to allow visual inspection
A&P repair anterior and posterior colporrhaphy
Cx cervix
D&C dilation and curettage
ERT estrogen replacement therapy
FBD fivrocystic breast disease
GYN gynecology
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS prmenstrual syndrome
SHG sonohysterogram
TAH/BSO total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salping-oophorectomy
TSS toxic shock syndrome
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
TVS transvaginal sonography
Created by: mcgowan330