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Causes of World War One Industrial Revolution, Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism, Significant Individuals.
Central Powers include Austria hungary, Odimen empire, Bulgaria, Germany
Allied Powers include Serbia, Russia, Germany, France, Belguim, Great Britain
Imediate cause of WW1 was Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Who assassinated him? Gavrilo Princip
When was he assassinated? June 28th, 1914
Waht happened after Germany declared war on France? Germany invades Belgium
What were the major goals of the Triple Entente? Hold back the Germans, Prolong the War, Have a Naval Blockade in place.
What were the major goals of the Triple Alliance? Concentrate on the Western Front, conquer France, Avoid two-front war, USed unrestricted submarine warfare.
Who was the western front against? France and Germany
Who was the Eastern Front against? Russia and Germany
What was the stance taken by majority of Americans towards War? Neutrality
What led to the GReat War? Imperial,territorial, and economy rivalries
June 28 1914 archduke Frnacis Ferdinand and wife assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip
July 18 1914 Austria declares war on Russia
August 1 1914 Germany declares war on russia
August 3 1914 Germany declares war on France
August 4 1914 Germany invaded Belgium to get to Paris
August 4 1914 Britain declares war on Germany
February 1915 Germany submarine blockade of great Britain begins
April 1915 Dardanelles Campaign
September 6 1915 On Eastern Front, German and Austria "great offensive" conquers all of Poland and Lithuania; Russians lose 1 million men
October 14, 1915 Britain and Frnace declare war on Bulgaria
Militarism Germany was competing with the UK to builb battleships, the british feared an attack on their empire, germany was competing with France to expand their armies.
Imperialism All the great powers were competing for colonies/ territory, The British feared Germany in Africa, The Austrians feared Serbia/Russia in the Balkans.
Who said, " Germany must have its place in the sun." Kaiser Wilhelm 2
What did KEiser Wihelm 2 do? Built up Germany army and Navy, Aggressive foreign policy, determined to make Germany a top nation, distressed by other powers.
Why did Archduke Francis Ferdinand go to Sarajevo? Austria-Hungary seized Bosnia.
What was the name of the terrorists group that attacked the Arch Duke? Black Hand
Who shot him? Gavrilo Princip
What were some Illusions/Myths about war? Excited for war, War would be over in a few weeks, belief that modern industrial war could not be conducted for more than a few months, Home by christmas, Exhilarating release from every day life, A glorious adventure
^^ cont. War would rid the nations of selfishness, spark a national re-birth based on heroism.
Why did Britain get involved in WW1? Britain had alliaces with France and Russia, The Schlieffen Plan,1838-UK had signed a Treaty to protect Belgium, Britain also scared of Germany controlling Channel ports, Did not want Germany to defeat France and dominate Europe.
Who said "Belgium is a country, not a road" King Albet 1
What was known as the "knock out blow" technique? the schlieffen plan
Who declared war on Germany? the united kingdom
Battle of Marne stopped the germans but French troops were exhausted
What front was more mobile? the Eastern Front
Who joined the central powere in sept. 1915? bulgaria
Who attacked and eliminated Serbia from war? Bulgaria
what happened on May 6, 1915? the sinking of the Lusitania by U-20 captained by captain Schwieger.
What is in between trenches called? No Man's Land
Carried by the wind and land? Mustard Gas
What war was fought on the western front, fought between germany and France and France won? battle of Verdun
what was an easy food source? Rats
Battle of the Somme
Marshal petain French general who reached the distinction of Marshal of France, and was later Chief of state of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944
What Is a military strategy in which a belliegent side attempt to win a war by wearing down its enemy to the point of collapse though continuous loosed in personnel and materials. war of attrition
What role did u-boats play? as an economic military vessel than a naval warship.
Why was it impossible to hide death? Women in mourning, badly wounded soldiers returned home
social impact Men lost limbs and were mutilated, Birthrate fell markedly, Individuals unable to work, Ethnic hostility, Influenza epidemic
"it is a frearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war…" wooddrow wilson
Woodrow Wilson's 14 points germany caused war
Zimmerman note Was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from he German Empire to Mexico to make war against the US.
paris peace conference important result= germany paid, gearmany weakened military, germany was declared guilty
Armistice Agreement signed Nov. 11 1918. Endednfighting for the first world war
what treaty ended WW1? treaty of Versailles
When was it signed? june 28th, 1918
One of the Most important controvesial provisions of treaty of versaille was required Germany to except responsibility for causing the war along with austria-hungary
Bonus War may sometimes be a necessary evil. But no matter how necessary, it is always an evil, never a good. We will not learn how to live together in peace by killing each others children. -Jimmy Carter
Created by: ish.recinos.15