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Ch.1 Med Term


abdomin- abdomen
angi- blood or lymph vessel
append- appendix
arteri- artery
col- color
cyan- blue
dermat- skin
arythr- red
gastr- stomach
hem- blood
hepat- liver
muscul- muscle
my- muscle
nat- birth
neur- nerve
ot- ear
rhin- nose
path- disease
tonsil- tonsils
ver- poson, virus
dys- ill, bad
hyper- over, high
hypo- low, under
-algia pain
-ectomy surgical removal
-itis inflammation
-osis abnormal
-osotomy surgically opening
-otomy incision
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding
-rrhagia excessive fluid lose
-rrhea flor or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal harding
abdominocentesis surgery of belly to remove fluids
acronym abbreviation
acute short term
angiography examination by x-ray of blood or lymph vessels
appendectomy removal of the appendix
arteriosclerosis thickening of artery's wall
arthraligia pain in the joints
colostomy surgical operation in which a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall so as to bypass a damaged
cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin
dermatologist doctor who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin
diagnosis identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms
diarrhea condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form
edema condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body
endarterial innermost lining of the artery
eponym person after whom a discovery, invention, place
erythrocyte red blood cell that (in humans) is typically a biconcave disk without a nucleus
fissure A long, narrow opening or line of breakage made by cracking or splitting, esp. in rock or earth.
fistula An abnormal or surgically made passage between a hollow or tubular organ and the body surface, or between two hollow or tubular organs
gastralgia stomachache
gastritis Inflammation of the lining of the stomach
gastroenteritis Inflammation of the stomach and intestines, from bacterial toxins or viral infection
gastroisis disease of the stomach
hemorrhage An escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
hypertension high blood perssure
hypotension low blood pressure
infection The process of infecting or the state of being infected
inflammation A localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, esp. as a reaction to injury
interstitial situated within but not restricted to or characteristic of a particular organ or tissue—used especially of fibrous tissue
intramuscular taking place within, or administered into, a muscle
laceration a torn ragged wound
lesion A region in an organ or tissue that has suffered damage
mycosis A disease caused by infection with a fungus, such as ringworm or thrush
myelopathy Disease of the spinal cord
myorrhexis Tearing of a muscle
natal relating to the place or time of one's birth
neonatology that branch of pediatric medicine concerned with the newborn; the diagnosis and treatment of neonates
neutaitis Inflammation of a peripheral nerve or nerves, usually causing pain and loss of function
otorhinolaryngology The study of diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
palpation a method of examination in which the examiner feels the size or shape or firmness or location of something
palpitation A noticeably rapid, strong, or irregular heartbeat due to agitation, exertion, or illness
pathology The science of the causes and effects of diseases
poliomyelitis An infectious viral disease that affects the central nervous system and can cause paralysis
prognosis The likely course of a disease or ailment
prostate A gland surrounding the neck of the bladder in male mammals and releasing a fluid component of semen
pyoderma A skin infection with formation of pus
pyrosis a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux
remission diminution of the seriousness or intensity of disease or pain; a temporary recovery
sign An object, quality, or event whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else
supination rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward
suppurstion festering: (medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus
supracostal located above ribs
symptom 2.A sign of the existence of something, esp. of an undesirable situation. A sign of the existence of something, esp. of an undesirable situation.
syndrome group of symptoms that consistently occur together or a condition characterized by a set of associated symptoms
tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils
trauma A deeply distressing or disturbing experience
triage The action of sorting according to quality
viral Of the nature of, caused by, or relating to a virus or viruses
Created by: kenny.lam13