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chapter 1...0

medical terminology

abdomin\o abdomen
angi/o blood or lymphy vessel
append/o appedix
arteri/o artery
arthr/o join
col/o- colon,large intestine
cyan/o- blue
dermat/o- skin
gastr/o- stomach,belly
hem/o- blood, relating ti the blood
hepat/o- liver
muscul/o- muscle
my/o- muscle
nat/o- ?
neur/o- nerve , nerve tissue
ot/o- ear , heraring
rhin/o- nose
path/o- disease,suffering
tonsil/o- tonsil,throat
vir/o- poison-virus
prefix :
dys- bad-difficul
hyper- excesive-increased
hypo- deficient
suffix- -:
algia- pain
-ectonomy surgical-removal cutting out
-it is inflamation
-osis abnormal condition/disease
-ostomy surgically created opening
-otomy cutting surgical incision
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage/rrhagia bleeding,abnormalecesive fluid discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardering
ABDOMINOCENTESIS centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis...
centesis - (surgery) the act of puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle in order to draw out fluID.
acronym a word formed from the initial letters or groups of letters of words in a set phrase or series of words, as Wac from Women's Army Corps, OPEC from Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or loran from long-range navigation.
acute 1. sharp or severe in effect; intense: acute sorrow; an acute pain.
angiography x-ray examination of blood vessels or lymphatic following injection of a radiopaque substance
appendectomy surgery
arteriosclerosis degenerative changes in the arteries, characterized by thickening of the vessel walls and accumulation of calcium with consequent loss of elasticity and lessened blood flow.
colostomy construction of an artificial opening from the colon through the abdominal wall, thus bypassing a diseased portion of the lower intestine and permitting the passage of intestinal contents.
cyanosis blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood.
dermatologist specialist in dermatology, especially a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin.
diagnosis Biology . scientific determination; a description that classifies a group or taxon precisely.
diarrhea an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal frequency and fluidity of fecal evacuations.
edema effusion of serous fluid into the interstices of cells in tissue spaces or into body cavities.
endarterial the innermost lining of an artery.
eponym a word based on or derived from a person's name.
erythrocyte Also called: red blood cell a blood cell of vertebrates that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide, combined with the red pigment haemoglobin, to and from the tissues
fissure Anatomy . a natural division or groove in an organ, as in the brain.
fistula Surgery . an opening made into a hollow organ, as the bladder or eyeball, for drainage.
gastralgia neuralgia of the stomach
gatritis ?
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
gastrosis ?
hemorrhage a profuse discharge of blood, as from a ruptured blood vessel; bleeding.
hepatomegaly an abnormal enlargement of the liver, usually associated with liver disease or heart failure.
hypertension elevation of the blood pressure, especially the diastolic pressure.
infection an infecting with germs of disease, as through the medium of infected insects, air, water, or clothing.
inflammation Pathology . redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, heat, and disturbed function of an area of the body, especially as a reaction of tissues to injurious agents.
interstitial Anatomy . situated between the cells of a structure or part: interstitial tissue.
intramuscular located or occurring within a muscle.
laceration 1. the result of lacerating; a rough, jagged tear.
lesion Plant Pathology . any localized, defined area of diseased tissue, as a spot, canker, blister, or scab.
mycosis the presence of parasitic fungi in or on any part of the body.
myelopathy any disorder of the spinal cord or of bone marrow.
myopathy any abnormality or disease of muscle tissue.
myorrhexis Tearing of a muscle.
natal presiding over or affecting a person at birth: natal influences.
neonatology the study of the development and disorders of newborn children
neuritis continuous pain in a nerve, associated with paralysis and sensory disturbances.
otorhinolaryngology The medical specialty concerned with diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
palpation to examine by touch, especially for the purpose of diagnosing disease or illness.
palpitation an unusually or abnormally rapid or violent beating of the heart.
pathology the science or the study of the origin, nature, and course of diseases.
phalanges Anatomy, Zoology . a phalanx.
poliomyelitis an acute viral disease, usually affecting children and young adults, caused by any of three polioviruses, characterized by inflammation of the motor neurons of the brain stem and spinal cord, and resulting in atrophy and often permanent deformities.
prognosis Medicine/Medical . a forecasting of the probable course and outcome of a disease, especially of the chances of recovery
prostate Also called: prostate gland a gland in male mammals that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra and secretes a liquid constituent of the semen
pyoderma pathol any skin eruption characterized by pustules or the formation of pus.
pyrosis heartburn
remission a. a temporary or permanent decrease or subsidence of manifestations of a disease. b. a period during which such a decrease or subsidence occurs: The patient's leukemia was in remission.
sign a conventional or arbitrary mark, figure, or symbol used as an abbreviation for the word or words it represents.
supination rotation of the hand or forearm so that the palmar surface is facing upward ( opposed to pronation).
suppuration the matter produced by suppuration; pus.
supracostal Located above the ribs.
symptom Pathology . a phenomenon that arises from and accompanies a particular disease or disorder and serves as an indication of it.
syndrome Pathology, Psychiatry . a group of symptoms that together are characteristic of a specific disorder, disease, or the like.
tonsillitis inflammation of a tonsil or the tonsils.
trauma Pathology . b. the condition produced by this; traumatism. 2. Psychiatry . a. an experience that produces psychological injury or pain. b. the psychological injury so caused.
triage the process of sorting victims, as of a battle or disaster, to determine medical priority in order to increase the number of survivors.
viral of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus.
Created by: CHULO