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Fund of Disease 2012

Intro to Disease / Chapters 1

Disease is any deviation or interruption from any normal body function.
Pathology is the study of disease
Pathogenesis means the cause (creation) of disease
Idiopathic means pertaining to an unknown(idio) disease
Etiology means the study of the cause (what or why)
Lesion means any abnormal tissue
Signs are evidence of disease that can be seen
Examples of signs include: pyrexia(fever), leukocytosis,(elevated white blood cell count), or jaundice(yellowing of skin, or sclerae(plural- a/singular- white of eyes
Symptoms are evidence of disease that is felt by the patient
Examples of Symptoms include: lumbodynia(lower back pain), N&V(nausea & vomitting) or pruritus(itching)
Syndrome means a combination of signs and symptoms
Dx (Diagnosis) means the determination of the nature of a disease
Px(prognosis) means the predicted outcome of a disease
Sequela means the aftermath of a disease
Acute means a sudden onset AKA paroxysmal
Chronic means recurring and/or insidious(meaning slow to appear such as Ca(cancer) or AIDS(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
Exacerbation means to get worse or make worse
Remission means the signs and symptoms of a chronic disease subside
Relapse means a disease returns
Complication means a disease develops in a patient already suffering from another disease
Terminal means a disease that ends in death
Mortality means the number of deaths caused by a disease
Palliative means Relieving symptoms but not curing (example Motrin for headache)
Homeostasis is a steady state or balance that the body tries to maintain
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed