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A&P I Lab - Body Terminology

Anatomy study of the structure of an organism
biology study of life
physiology study of the function of the living organism
endomorphs have large waistlines and are apple-shaped or fattest in the abdomen
mesomorphs pear-shaped bodies, broad shouldered, narrow waist
ectomorphs thin, lean, fragile, long fingers, toes and neck
superior toward the head; also means upper and above
inferior toward the feet; lower or below
anterior front; or in front of
posterior back; or in back of
ventral toward the belly
dorsal toward the back
medial toward the midline of the body
lateral toward the side of the body or away from the midline
proximal toward or nearest the trunk of the body or nearest the point of origin of one's body parts
distal away from or farthest from the trunk or point of origin of a body part
superficial nearer the surface
deep furthest away from the surface
cadavers preserved human bodies used for scientific study
radiography or xray photography is the oldest and still most widely used method of noninvasive imaging of the internal body structure. In this method, energy in the x band of the radiation spectrum is beamed through the body to photographic film.
CT Scan (Computer Tomograph) newer variation of traditional xray. In this method, a device with an xray source on one side of the body and an xray detector on the other side and is rotated around the central axis of the subjects body.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) type of scanning that uses a magnetic field to induce tissues to emit radio frequency waves. An RF detector coil senses the waves and sends the information to a computer that constructs sectional images similar to those produced in CT scanning.
Ultrasonography (Ultrasound) high frequency ultrasonic waves are reflected off internal tissues to produce an image called a sonogram.
pathology the study of diseases
syndrome collection of different signs and symptoms that occur together
acute when signs and symptoms suddenly appear, persist for a short time then disappear
chronic disease that develop slowly and last for a long time perhaps for life
sub acute disease with characteristics somewhere between acute and chronic
communicable diseases those that can be transmitted from one person to another
endemic disease that is native to a local region
epidemic disease spreads to many individuals at the same time
pandemic epidemic that affect large geographic regions, perhaps even worldwide
Created by: malrey3