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Sterilization Mid


What is the number on defense against infection Handwashing
What does OSHA stand for? What year was it developed? Occupational Safety and Health Administration- est. 1970 effective 1992
Describe normal flora Microbes that live on or in the body that perform vital factors and protect the body against infection
Describe immunity ability to form resistance against pathogens and disease
Describe humoral immunity verses cell mediated immunity Humoral immunity creates specific antibodies to combat antigens- Cell mediated attack source of infection at the site of invasion
Active-natural immunity Form the antibodies
Active-artificial Antigen given to form antibodies
Passive-natural Recieved through pregnancy- umbilical cord, breast milk
Passive-artificial Given the antibodies
Agent infectious microorganism- viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, and rikettsiae
Reservoir host Supply nutrition for organism, allowing it to multiply- people, insects, animals, water, food, or contaminated instruments
Means of entry How transmitted pathogen gains entry into a new host- mouth, nose, eyes, intestines, urinary tract, reproductive system
Means of exit How pathogen escapes the reservoir host- same as entry
Means of transmission Direct- Contact with infected person or discharges from infected person. Indirect- Dropplets in the air from coughing, speaking, sneezing; saliva, sweat, blood and body fluids.
Suscepitable host Capable of supporting the growth of the infecting organism. Elders, infants, stress, poor diet, hygeine
Surgical asepsis practices which render and keep objects and areas free from all microorganisms including pathogens
Medical asepsis practices which help to reduce the number and hinder the tranfer of pathogens
Minutes for boiling technique 20-30 minutes
Most commonly used antiseptic alcohol (antiseptic)- time of exposure, strength of solution
Tranfer forceps Must not touch anything and hold tips downward.
Autoclave: Steam under pressure sterilization- kills spores -hinges open, lids open
Created by: bossy777