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Chinese Herbal Medic

Chinese Herbal Medicine Introduction

Divine Farmer’s Classic of Materia Medica Shen Zong Ben Cao Jing
The earliest extant treatise on Chinese medicine and herbs Shen Zong Ben Cao Jing
How many herbs did the shen zong ben cao jing contain? 365
Si qi means __ temperature
Wu wei means ___ taste
Tang dynasty had what book that was recognized by the chinese governemnt? Tang Ben Cao
How many herbs did the tang ben cao contain? 844
It developed Eighteen Incompatibilities & Nineteen Antagonisms. Tai Ping Hui Min He Ji Ju Fang
Who was china's most celebrated herbalist? Li Shi Zhen
How many years did it take Li Shi Zhen to write the grand materia medica? 27 years
What is the Chinese name for the Grand Materia Medica? Ben Cao Gang Mu
What is the purpose of preparing herbal substances? (1) Eliminate or decrease toxins, side effects or the intensity of an herbal substance. (2) Change actions of herbs to fit clinical conditions. (3) Ease of storage. (4) Clean and prepare for use as herbal medicine.
Methods that utilize the herb (1) moisten before slicing (2) soaking to remove unwanted properties (3) Aqueous trituration- Minerals are ground with water until reduced to an extremely fine powder
Dry-frying, frying with liquids, calcining, roasting in ashes, dry curing or baking are all examples of what? Methods that utilize fire
Dry the herbs for storage or to more easily break them down to small pieces. Dirt and wheat (other herbal remedies) can be used in order to change the actions of herbs. (can become more astringent to address more diarrhea conditions) Dry-frying
Frying with honey, hard liquor, vinegar, ginger, salt frying with liquids
adds astringent action and renders the substance brittle and easy to pulverize; usually applied to minerals and shells. - some kind of leakage condition - diarrhea or sweating or coughing calcining
wrap the herb in moistened paper, paste (flour dough) or mud and heat it in hot cinders. - campfire - Roasting roasting in ashes
use slow, mild heat to avoid charring the herb. Dry curing or baking
chao Dry-frying
frying with liquids zhi
calcining duan
Roasting in ashes wei
Dry curing or baking bei, hong
Boiling, steaming, quenching, simmering are all examples of what? Methods utilizing both heat and water
What is the most common solvent? Water
Zhu boiling
steaming zheng
cui quenching
ao simmering
tang decoctions
wu huo high flame to bring to a boil quickly
wen huo low flame to simmer
Most standard formulas are cooked for ____minutes. 20-30
Formulas that release the exterior (EPI) or contain aromatic herbs are cooked for ___ minutes. 10-15
Tonic or rich, cloying herbs are cooked _____ minutes. 45-60
xian jian decocted first
a. Toxic herbs are cooked for 30-45 minutes (at least, some up to 2 hours) b. Minerals and shells are cooked for 20-30 minutes. Decocted first
Hou xia added near the end
a. Aromatic herbs should be added to the decoction 4-5 minutes before end b. Some herbs will have a much stronger effect if added near the end Added near end
bao jian Decocted in gauze
a. Herbs with cilia (fine, hair-like structures - like magnolia flower). b. Small seeds (like poppy seeds). c. Some minerals. Decocted in Gauze
Dan jian Separately decocted or simmered
Some rare and very expensive herbs must be separately decocted or simmered to obtain the maximum effect. Often sliced very thin and then cooked in a double boiler for a long time Dan Jian
溶化 rong hua or 烊化 yang hua Dissolved in strained decoction
Highly viscous or sticky substances need to be separately dissolved in a small bowl and added to the strained decoction. The decoction can be used to dissolve the herbs. Dissolved in strained decoction
chong fu Taken with strained decoction
Some expensive, aromatic substances cannot be heated or boiled. They need to be ground into powder and taken with the decoction or warm water. Taken with strained decoction
Si qi thermal temperature
wu wei taste
sheng jiang fu chen direction
gui jing channel affiliation
du xing toxicity
han cold
liang cool
re hot
wen warm
ping neutral
xin pungent/acrid
gan sweet
se astringent
xian salty
a. disperses outward, induces diaphoresis, dispels exterior pathogenic factors. b. moves the qi and blood. Acrid/Pungent
Indicated for: a. External pathogenic influence. b. Qi and blood stagnation. Acrid/Pungent
a. tonifies deficiency. b. harmonizes the middle jiao and moderates the drastic effects of some herbs. c. Moderates pain (nagging pn, 3-5/10, 10 = worst) Sweet
Indicated for a. deficiency b. pain Sweet
stabilizes and binds, reduces or prevents the loss of body fluids, relieves muscle spasms. Sour
Indicated for loss of body fluids (general) muscle spasms and cramps Sour
Stabilizes and binds, reduces or prevents the loss of body fluids Astringent
only used for leakage conditions Perspiration, diarrhea, bleeding, leukorrhea, urinary incontinence, enuresis, spermatorrhea and nocturnal emission. Astringent
purges a. downward draining to unblock. b. descends inappropriately rising Lung qi. c. eliminates heat and dries dampness (good for treating bi syndrome) Bitter
a. constipation b. wheezing or cough c. internal heat d. dampness (cold damp & damp heat) Bitter
a. softens hardness. b. purges excess. (purgative) c. facilitates entrance to the Kidney Salty
Indicated for a. scrofula, enlarged thyroid and nodules. b. constipation. Salty
leachs out dampness and promotes urination. Bland
Indicated for Edema Difficult urination. Bland
Sheng upward
jiang downward
fu outward
Chen Inward
Herbs that go ___ and ___ have acrid, sweet or hot, warm properties. upward & outward
Herbs that go ___ and ___ have sour, bitter, salty, astringent or cold, cool properties. downward & inward
du xing toxicity
____ refers to the potential for an herb to cause side effects and adverse reactions. toxicity
dan xing single effect
xiang xu mutual accentuation
xiang shi mutual enhancement
xiang wei mutual counteraction
xiang sha mutual suppression
xiang wu mutual antagonism
xiang fan mutual incompatibility
Uses a specific herb to tx a simple condition dang xing
treats cough d/t mild lung heat huang qin
Herbs with similar functions combine to amplify the overall therapeutic effect. XIANG XU
Shi Gao + Zhi Mu Da Huang + Mang Xiao Xiang xu
clears heat from the qi level // WM infectous disease - BIG 4, anxiety Shi Gao + Zhi Mu
used to treat constipation, particulary with Yang Ming Fu syndrome Da Huang + Mang Xiao
Rhubarb root Da huang
Herbs with different functions combine such that one herb enhances the properties of another. Xiang shi
Huang qi astragalus
major herb to clear heat from the lung huang qin
major constipation herb da huang
One herb minimizes or neutralizes a toxic aspect of another. Xiang wei
Ginger Sheng jiang
Addition of an herb to suppress or reduce unwanted side effects from another. Xiang sha
A combination in which the desired therapeutic effect of an herb is reduced by the addition of another. Xiang wu
Ren Shen + Lai Fu Zi Xiang wu
The combination of two specific herbs will lead to undesirable side effects and/or adverse reactions. Xiang Fan
Gan Cao is incompatible with: Gan Sui Da Ji Hai Zao Yuan Hua
Wu Tou is incompatible with: Bei Mu Gua Lou Ban Xia Bai Lian Bai Ji
Li Lu is incompatible with Ren Shen Sha Shen Dan Shen Ku Shen Xi Xin Bai Shao
Liu Huang antagonizes Po Xiao
Shui Yin antagonizes Pi shuang
Lang Du antagonizes Mi TOu Seng
Ba Dou antagonizes qian niu zi
Ya Xiao antagonizes san leng
Ding Xiang antagonizes Yu jin
Wu Tou antagonizes xi jiao
Ren Shen antagonizes wu ling zhi
Rou Gui antagonizes chi shi zhi
As a general rule, herbs with potent effects to regulate qi, move blood or drain downward should be avoided during ____. pregnancy
Foods that are cold, raw, greasy, rotten or spoiled, and other foods that are difficult to digest, should be avoided when taking ____ medicines. herbal
Dietary avoidance with Chang Shan onion
Dietary avoidance with Sheng, Shu Di Huang, Shou Wu garlic/onion
Dietary avoidance with Bo He Crab
Dietary avoidance with fu ling vinegar
Dietary avoidance with honey green onion
1 Liang 30 grams
1 qian 3 grams
1 Fen 0.3 grams
____g are common dosages for most single herbs in a formula. That is the daily dose for an adult of average height and weight when using dry herbs. 5-10
Use __ of adult dosage for children 5 years-old or under. 1/4
Use __ of adult dosage for children 6 years or older. ½
Patients with a weak constitution need to be given ___ doses of herbs. low
Use ____ dosage with light herbs. smaller
Use ____ dosage with heavy herbs. bigger
Some herbs can be used at higher doses of ___ g 15-30
seed, small things
flower huā
grass căo
twig, branch zhī
Root gēn
Seed, kernel rén
vine téng
important herbal medicine yao yao
Created by: Krys2287